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Petrol price hike: Rs 8 to Rs 63 in 21 years

News18test sharma |

Updated: May 14, 2011, 6:31 PM IST
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Petrol price hike: Rs 8 to Rs 63 in 21 years
Following are the revisions since 1989 in the retail prices of four key petroleum products.

New Delhi: In the steepest hike ever, state-owned oil companies increased petrol price by about Rs 5 per litre with effect from midnight Saturday, putting increased pressure on wallets as the country battles the highest inflation of any major Asian economy.

India is beset by rising food and fuel prices, and the central government has come under increasing criticism for failing to implement major structural reforms to control rapid inflation, which has hit hundreds of millions of poor people.

IndianOil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum will hike rates between Rs 4.99 and Rs 5.01 per litre in Delhi with effect from midnight. Petrol in Delhi currently costs Rs 63.37 per litre.

In the last two decades fuel prices have escalated, in keeping with variables such as sales tax revisions, effective retail price of crude and increase in local levies.

Following are the revisions since 1989 in the retail prices of four key petroleum products in the national capital. Petrol, kerosene and diesel prices are in rupees per litre while LPG prices are per cylinder of 14.2 kilogrammes.

On April 1, 1989, petrol prices were at 8.50, kerosene at 2.25, diesel 3.50 and LPG 57.60. Within five years (Februry 2, 1994), both petrol and diesel prices almost doubled to 16.78 and 6.98.

The year 2000 saw a huge jump in LPG prices from Rs 146 to Rs 196.55 the tune of almost Rs 50 followed by a Rs 36 hike in five months to Rs 232.25.

The next five years saw a gradual hike in Petrol and diesel prices. The diesel price rise followed a steeper pattern than that of petrol. In 2005 fuel prices

were increased twice with both petrol and diesel prices revised at 43.49 and 30.45 in September.

The next five years marked a steep rise in LPG prices which touched 346.30, rolled back in January 2009 to 279.70. LPG prices were raised again in April 2010 followed by a hike in June 2010 revised at 345.35. From 2005 to 2010 petrol prices were raised by Rs 15 and diesel roughly by Rs 9.03.

In June 2010 the pro-reform government deregulated petrol prices and even though it retained control over diesel, prices are hiked more than expected.
The price increases could bring indirect benefits to the government. The oil ministry calculated higher prices will more than halve the losses of state-run oil marketing firms to about $ 11.4 billion in the year ending March 31, 2011.

From July 1 - Sept 21 a series of gentle increments by companies brought petrol prices to 51.83 rupees per litre by Sept. 1, up less than 1 percent since the jump at June deregulation.

In December, 2010 the biggest hike since deregulation, of 5.6 percent, propelled petrol prices over 53 rupees per litre, as global oil prices hover around $ 90 per barrel.

<b>Graph showing the hike in fuel prices from 1989 to 2011</b>

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First Published: May 14, 2011, 6:31 PM IST
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