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US says door still open on Iran nuclear talks

Updated: April 8, 2013, 6:59 AM IST
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US says door still open on Iran nuclear talks
Kerry said US President was committed to continuing the diplomatic process despite what he called the complicating factor of an Iranian presidential election.

Istanbul: US Secretary of State John Kerry said on Sunday world powers would pursue further talks with Iran to resolve a decade-old dispute over its nuclear programme, but stressed the process could not go on forever.

The six powers and Iran failed again to bridge wide differences at weekend talks in Kazakhstan, prolonging a stand-off that could yet erupt into a new Middle East war. No new talks were scheduled.

"This is not an interminable process," said Kerry after arriving in Istanbul on Sunday on the first leg of a 10-day trip to the Middle East, Europe and Asia.

He said US President Barack Obama was committed to continuing the diplomatic process despite what he called the complicating factor of an Iranian presidential election in June 2013.

"Diplomacy is a painful task ... and a task for the patient," Kerry told a news conference.

Big powers suspect Iran is trying to develop the means to produce nuclear weapons under the guise of a declared civilian atomic energy programme. Iran denies the accusation.

Israeli Strategic Affairs Minister Yuval Steinitz urged the powers on Sunday to set a deadline of weeks for military action to persuade Iran to halt its uranium enrichment activity.

Steinitz, close to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, told Army Radio action should be taken within "a few weeks, a month" if Iran did not stop work of possible use in yielding a nuclear bomb, which Israel sees as a potential threat to its existence.

Tehran accuses Israel of threatening peace in the region and refuses to recognise the Jewish state, which is widely believed to harbour the Middle East's only nuclear arsenal.

European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, who represents the United States, Russia, China, France, Britain and Germany in talks with Iran, said the two sides failed to resolve key differences during the two-day talks in Almaty.

"... It is important to continue to talk and to try to find common ground," Kerry said. "So we hope that out of Almaty will come a narrowing of some of the differences. We remain open and hopeful that a diplomatic solution can be found."


The six powers want the Islamic Republic to suspend its higher-grade uranium enrichment work in return for modest relief from international sanctions, an offer Iran did not accept.

Iran's most powerful figure, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the last say on all state matters, has shown no sign of willingness to scale back Iran's nuclear activity.

"As a member of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Iran has the right to enrich uranium ... The Islamic Republic will never stop its enrichment work," the head of parliament's Foreign Affairs and National Security Committee, Alaeddin Boroujerdi, said, according to Iran's ISNA news agency.

Boroujerdi was not speaking on behalf of Khamenei, whose stamp of approval is required for any substantive Iranian decision in the nuclear dispute.

But he also suggested that the Islamic Republic might even enrich uranium above the 20 per cent level of fissile purity "for specific projects", a move that would increase alarm in Western capitals. He did not elaborate.

Iran says it is refining uranium to 20 per cent - well above the 5 per cent suitable for nuclear power stations - to convert into special fuel for Tehran's medical research reactor.

But 20 per cent is a significant technical advance toward the bomb-grade threshold and some analysts believe Iran now has enough of this material to run the reactor for many years, raising Western suspicions that the growing stockpile may really be a potential reserve for weapons.

Some diplomats and experts have said Iran's June 2013 presidential election has raised uncertainty in the West over the Islamic Republic's strategy for nuclear diplomacy.

"Obviously there is an election and that complicates the choices with respect to the politics of Iran, and we are aware of that," Kerry said.

"But we will continue. The president (Obama) has determined to continue to pursue the diplomatic channel ... We remain open and hopeful that a diplomatic solution can be found."

First Published: April 8, 2013, 6:59 AM IST
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