It was carved out of the princely state of Hyderabad. Many fiercely contested seats belong to this region including those around Bellary city. Out of the 31 constituencies in this region, Congress swept 19 seats. BJP and JD(S) had four seats each. Drought and agriculture are the major talking points in this region. The region is the second largest arid region in the country. The region has about 4 urban seats, including Gulbarga and over 22 rural seats. As far as strongholds go, BJP has had support from Aurad so far, while Congress has had an upper hand with Gulbarga Uttar, among others.