This region was named such as it was carved out of Bombay Presidency under the States Reorganization Act (1956). It is the crux of Lingayat politics in the state. Other issues that will impact votes include Mahadayi water dispute, sugarcane prices, drought. In 2013, Congress swept the region by winning 31 of the total 50 seats. BJP bagged 13 seats while JD(S) came in third with one seat. Most of the seats (32) here are from the rural side while a handful of them fall on the urban side. Athani has been a BJP stronghold and Yemkanamardi has been with Congress.