South African management confirmed that the pacer had damaged tissues on his left heel, due to which he had to leave the field.
Steyn left the field three balls into his 18th over as he felt a pain on his left heel.
South African team doctor Mohammed Moosajee confirmed that Steyn will take atleast 4-6 weeks to fully recover from the injury.
"He has done significant damage to the underside of his foot which is likely to take 4-6 weeks to recover. We will consult a leading ankle specialist for tomorrow and see what can be done." Moosajee said.
Steyn was was getting into the groove as he had figures of 2 for 51 with wickets of opener Shikhar Dhawan and wicket-keeper Wriddhiman Saha during his comeback Test.
He was out of action for one year after a major surgery for shoulder dislocation. This was his first Test after the comeback. Steyn was also in line to break Shaun Pollock's record of highest wicket-taker for South Africa.
He recently made a comeback in competitive cricket and Cricket South Africa (CSA) did not play during the four-day Test against Zimbabwe to preserve him for the India series.
Team management will be hoping that he fully recovers by the time team is announced for the Australia series.
First Published: January 7, 2018, 8:20 AM IST