In the current situation, the increasing traffic and rate of road accidents have become one of the most concerned topics to discuss. According to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), every year in India, about eighty thousand people are killed in road crashes which is thirteen percent of the total fatality all over the world. Therefore, to control the number of incidents and enhance safety features in vehicles, the Indian government has mandated the use of passenger-side airbags onthe front seat.
The draft notification has already been issued in this regard by MoRTH and informed that in case of new vehicles, the new rule is mandatory from April 1, while for the existing models sold in India, necessary changes will be made by August 1. However, as of now, only the driver side airbag was made mandatory.
Here is all you need to know about the airbags:
What are airbags?
Airbags are thin nylon fabric bags that are designed to protect you in the event of a crash or accident by unfolding itself from different locations in the car. Airbags are also known as supplemental protection alongside seatbelts present in the car to keep the rider and seater safe.
How does it work?
As the car meets with an accident, the airbags present in the vehicle inflates when a sensor connected to the vehicle’s airbag detects a collision and acts as a cushion between the person and the car and prevents or reduces impact or injuries. As soon as the driver or the passenger makes contact with the airbag, it deflates. It is important to know that the inflation of the airbag is caused by nitrogen gas.
However, it is always advised to wear your seatbelt while driving or sitting in the car to reduce the impact of the accident.
Types of airbags
Driver airbag: The main function of the driver airbag is to protect the driver's head from hitting the steering wheel during the crash. It is placed in the horn pad of the steering wheel.
Front passenger airbag: It is kept behind the dashboard and protects the head of the front passenger from hitting the dashboard. Compared to the driver airbags, these are bigger in size.
Side torso airbag: These are placed on the outer side of the front seats and/or rear seats and instead of the head,it is designed to prevent the body of the person from hitting the door panel.
Side curtain airbag: It is designed to protect the person's head from hitting the roof, door frame and windows during a sideways collision and is deployed from the roof.