Take the pledge to vote

For a better tommorow#AajSawaroApnaKal
  • I agree to receive emails from News18

  • I promise to vote in this year's elections no matter what the odds are.
  • Please check above checkbox.


Thank you for
taking the pledge

Vote responsibly as each vote counts
and makes a diffrence


Issued in public interest by HDFC Life. HDFC Life Insurance Company Limited (Formerly HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited) (“HDFC Life”). CIN: L65110MH2000PLC128245, IRDAI Reg. No. 101 . The name/letters "HDFC" in the name/logo of the company belongs to Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited ("HDFC Limited") and is used by HDFC Life under an agreement entered into with HDFC Limited. ARN EU/04/19/13618
Associate PartnerAssociate Partner
LIVE TV DownloadNews18 App
News18 English
News18 » Business
2-min read

Major Decline in India's Steel Export to US; Increase in Aluminum

In 2018, the US imports of steel and aluminum products totalled USD 29.5 billion and USD 17.6 billion respectively, the report said adding that over the past decade steel imports have fluctuated significantly.


Updated:April 15, 2019, 11:05 AM IST
Major Decline in India's Steel Export to US; Increase in Aluminum
File image of a worker performing welding work on steel rods using a steel drill at a construction site. (Image: AP)

Washington: India's steel export to the US in 2018 declined by 49 per cent to USD 372 million, while that of aluminum increased by 58 per cent to USD 221 million, the independent Congressional Research Service (CRS) said in its latest report.

In 2018, the US imports of steel and aluminum products totalled USD 29.5 billion and USD 17.6 billion respectively, the report said adding that over the past decade steel imports have fluctuated significantly by value and quantity, while imports of aluminum have generally increased.

The largest declines in US steel imports, by value, were from South Korea (-USD 430 million, -15 per cent), Turkey (-USD 413 million, -35 per cent) and India (-USD 372 million, -49 per cent) with significant increases from the EU (+USD 567 million, +22per cent), Mexico (+USD 508 million, +20 per cent) and Canada (+USD 404 million, +19 per cent)," the report said.

"The largest declines in aluminum imports were from China (-USD 729 million, -40 per cent), Russia (-USD 676 million, -42 per cent), and Canada (-USD 294 million, -four per cent) with major increases from the EU (+USD 395 million, nine per cent), India (+USD 221 million, 58 per cent) and Oman (USD 186 million, +200 per cent)," the report added.

The countries with permanent exclusions from the tariffs (all except Australia are instead subject to quotas) accounted for 18.4 per cent of US steel imports in 2018 and 4.4 per cent of US aluminum imports.

Last year President Donald Trump used Section 232 to apply new tariffs to steel and aluminum imports and potentially on automobile and auto parts and other sectors currently under investigation.

These actions have raised a number of policy issues and some members of Congress have introduced legislation to revise various Section 232 authorities.

Global overcapacity in steel and aluminum production, mainly driven by China, has been an ongoing concern of the US, the report said adding that the George W Bush, Obama and Trump Administrations each engaged in multilateral discussions to address global steel capacity reduction through the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

"While the US has extensive anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Chinese steel imports to counter China's unfair trade practices, steel industry and other experts argue that the magnitude of Chinese production acts to depress prices globally, it added.

Effective March 23, 2018, Trump applied 25 per cent and 10 per cent tariffs, respectively, on certain steel and aluminum imports.

The President temporarily exempted several countries from the tariffs pending negotiations on potential alternative measures.

Permanent tariff exemptions in exchange for quantitative limitations on US imports were eventually announced covering steel for Brazil and South Korea, and both steel and aluminum for Argentina.

Australia was permanently exempted from both tariffs with no quantitative restrictions.

In August 2018, President Trump raised the tariff to 50 per cent on steel imports from Turkey.

The proposed US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) would not resolve or address the Section 232 tariffs on imported steel and aluminum from Canada and Mexico, CRS said in the report.

Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox - subscribe to News18 Daybreak. Follow News18.com on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, TikTok and on YouTube, and stay in the know with what's happening in the world around you – in real time.

Read full article
Next Story
Next Story

Also Watch

Most Active
Company Price Change %Gain
Infosys 650.60 1.10
Yes Bank 51.20 -1.16
RBL Bank 259.15 -9.69
Reliance 1,392.40 -1.54
Axis Bank 714.85 0.29
Company Price Change %Gain
Infosys 650.75 1.16
Yes Bank 51.25 -1.06
IRCTC 900.40 6.52
RBL Bank 259.25 -9.64
Indiabulls Hsg 206.20 -5.50
Top Gainers
Company Price Change %Gain
HCL Tech 1,095.15 2.88
Eicher Motors 20,521.20 2.71
Maruti Suzuki 7,440.25 2.54
SBI 275.45 1.83
Titan Company 1,348.65 1.44
Company Price Change %Gain
HCL Tech 1,095.65 2.93
Maruti Suzuki 7,439.50 2.55
SBI 275.50 1.87
Hero Motocorp 2,712.25 1.45
HDFC 2,144.50 1.35
Top Losers
Company Price Change %Gain
Adani Ports 396.10 -5.86
Bharti Airtel 360.35 -3.68
Zee Entertain 242.10 -3.33
Vedanta 146.25 -1.94
Grasim 743.15 -1.71
Company Price Change %Gain
Bharti Airtel 360.50 -3.66
Vedanta 146.10 -1.95
ONGC 141.95 -1.53
Reliance 1,392.85 -1.51
Yes Bank 51.25 -1.06

Live TV

Countdown To Elections Results
To Assembly Elections 2018 Results