The Supreme Court Wednesday listed for final hearing on December 2 the cross appeals filed by Tata Sons and Cyrus Investments against appellate tribunal NCLAT's order which had restored Cyrus Mistry as the executive chairman of the over USD 100 billion salt-to-software Tata conglomerate. A bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde questioned senior advocate C A Sundaram, appearing for Cyrus Mistry and his firms, for filing applications repeatedly when the case was already listed for final hearing.
Why are you filing IAs (interlocutory applications)after IAs when the matter is already listed for final hearing, said the bench, also comprising Justices A S Bopanna and V Ramasubramanian, asked Sundaram. When Sundaram said they want to bring something new to the apex court's notice, the bench said, Won't these issues be covered in the final hearing? All the issues which you are raising in these IAs can be taken up during the final hearing.
Senior advocate A M Singhvi, appearing for Tata Sons Pvt Ltd, said that the apex court had on September 22 already fixed the matter for final disposal. List the matters on December 2 for final disposal, the bench said in its order.
The top court had on September 22 restrained Shapoorji Pallonji (SP) Group and Cyrus Mistry as also his investment firm from pledging or transferring their shares of Tata Sons Pvt Ltd (TSPL). SP Group, which owns 18.37 per cent in Tata Sons, has said TSPL moved the top court to block its plan to pledge shares for raising funds and that reeked of vindictiveness and oppression of minority shareholder rights.
On September 5, Tata Sons had moved the top court seeking to restrain the Mistry group from raising capital against their shares. It sought to prevent SP Group from creating any direct or indirect pledge of shares. SP Group was planning to raise Rs 11,000 crore from various funds and had signed a deal with a marquee Canadian investor for Rs 3,750 crore in the first tranche against a portion of its 18.37 per cent stake in Tata Sons.
The SP Group share holding in the country's largest business house is valued at over Rs 1 lakh crore. TSPL had earlier told the top court that it was not a 'two-group company' and there was no 'quasi-partnership' between it and Cyrus Investments Pvt Ltd.
TSPL had said this in an affidavit filed in the apex court while responding to the cross-appeal filed by Cyrus Investments seeking removal of alleged anomalies in the NCLAT order for getting representation on the TSPL's board in proportion to the stakes held by his family. The apex court had on January 10 granted relief to Tata group by staying the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) order of December 18 last year by which Mistry was restored as the executive chairman of the conglomerate. Mistry had succeeded Ratan Tata as chairman of Tata Sons in 2012 but was ousted four years later. The top court had also observed there were "lacunae" in the orders passed by the tribunal.
Then, on May 29, it had issued notice to TSPL and others on a cross-appeal filed by Cyrus Investments Pvt Ltd. Mistry had also filed an affidavit to the apex court saying the Tata Group had an adjusted net loss of Rs 13,000 crore in 2019 — the worst losses in three decades.
In his reply to the Tatas' petition challenging his reinstatement by the NCLAT last December, Mistry had also demanded that group chairman emeritus Ratan Tata should reimburse all the expenses to Tata Sons since his departure in December 2012 in keeping with best global governance standards. Mistry is seeking representation in the company in proportion to the 18.37 per cent stake held by his family, the cross-appeal has said. In its affidavit filed in the top court, Tata Sons has alleged that the thrust of Cyrus Investments' focus has now shifted to propagating the quasi-partnership theory to secure the relief of 'proportionate representation'. According to the petition, the Mistry group firm has sought remedies for many anomalies in the NCLAT order, including not looking at alleged oppression of minority shareholders as well as converting Tata Sons into a private limited company as a post-facto move. As per the petition, the tribunal order clearly and unequivocally found the prejudicial conduct by Tata Sons, but failed to provide certain important reliefs that would have put an end to the oppressive conduct of the majority shareholder.
Reinstating Mistry as the chairman, NCLAT had also termed the action of the Registrar of Companies to allow conversion of Tata Sons into a private limited company illegal.