The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati has partnered with NTPC Limited to design and develop a highly energy-efficient plant for CO2 capture from power plants. It has the potential to save a lot of foreign exchange for the nation, claims the institute. The outcomes of this project will benefit oil, natural gas, biogas industries, and petroleum refineries. This development has the potential impact to combat global climate change.
This indigenous technology was developed by a research team led by Prof Bishnupada Mandal, Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Guwahati. This project, through its research and education, will support and strengthen the UNs Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well.
This technology, which works on flue gas using a newly activated amine solvent (IITGS), consumes up to 11 per cent less energy compared to commercial activated MDEA (Monoethanolamine) solvent and up to 31 per cent less energy compared to benchmark MEA (Monoethanolamine) solvent.
After successful completion of test studies, the pilot plant has been shifted to NTPC’s NETRA facility. IIT Guwahati Team and NTPC Limited are in the process of patenting the technology. The next phase of the study will involve the testing of pilot-pant using industrial flue gas.
The MEA and other proprietary solvent-based technologies are available for CO2 capture in the chemical industry. This technology is utilized in coal and gas-fired power plants mainly to produce food-grade CO2 in small quantities (compared to CO2 capture in power plants). However, the process is energy-intensive, if adopted for large-scale CO2 capture in power plants. IIT Guwahati has developed an energy-efficient amine-based process for CO2 capture from flue gas.
Elaborating on the practical applications and benefits of Technology, Prof. Bishnupada Mandal, Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Guwahati, said, “The increase in anthropogenic CO2 emissions is one of the reasons attributed to global warming. Extensive research efforts are being made by the scientific community to overcome this global challenge that includes modifications to existing technologies through efficiency improvement for CO2 capture.”