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Citizenship Bill: Security Tightened as Anti-bill Protests Continue across Northeast, Various Groups Call for Shutdown

In Guwahati, posters were seen outside the residences of Assam Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and AGP leader Dr Kamala Kanta Kalita, poking fun at the senior lawmakers. Protestors

Karishma Hasnat | CNN-News18

Updated:December 8, 2019, 11:35 PM IST
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Citizenship Bill: Security Tightened as Anti-bill Protests Continue across Northeast, Various Groups Call for Shutdown
An elderly man holds a placard while protesting against the Citizenship Bill (Image: AP)

Guwahati: A steady stream of peaceful protests in Assam against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill (CAB), 2016 has intensified over the past two days with protesters targeting lawmakers wherever they find them. On Sunday, the anti-Bill protesters showed black flags to Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal in Guwahati and Kaliabor as his convoy passed through.

In Upper Assam’s Golaghat district, Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) president and state Agriculture Minister Atul Bora got stranded as protesters gheraoed his private residence. Several other leaders including Ministers, MPs and MLAs similarly faced the wrath of angry protesters.

In Dibrugarh, the AGP office was vandalized by the protesters, who staged a demonstration outside the private residence of BJP MLA Prasanta Phukan. The AGP, born out of the Assam Agitation, is an ally of the BJP and a member of the state’s three-party ruling coalition. In May, 2018, the AGP had not only opposed the Bill, but had also threatened to withdraw support from the government if the Bill is introduced. Due to this change in its stance, the AGP has been scorned by the Assamese people who are facing uncertainty around their future.

AGP leader and state’s Food and Civil Supplies Minister, Phani Bhushan Choudhury had to run to safety on Saturday to escape the wrath of the protesters. He had gone to Manikpur in Lower Assam’s Bongaigaon district to attend a party programme.

“The government wants to give citizenship to those who have entered Assam after 1971, and stayed here for 43 years till 2014. The Central government will grant citizenship to those illegal Hindu Bangladeshis but Assam is not a grazing ground for migrants. Congress had imposed the IMDT Act to protect illegal Bangladeshis, and now the BJP wants to impose CAB. They say ILP areas will be exempted from CAB but can they explain how the Bill can benefit other areas where it will be imposed?” asked All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) Advisor Samujjal Bhattacharya, adding that the Bill violates the Assam Accord, and is ‘communal’ and ‘unconstitutional’ in nature.

“The consultation with stakeholders was just a hogwash – they wanted to show that their government is democratic and have not passed the legislation without discussion. We plan to intensify our protests in the coming days. It will be a mass movement,” said AASU general secretary Lurin Jyoti Gogoi.

In Guwahati, posters were seen outside the residences of Assam Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and AGP leader Dr Kamala Kanta Kalita, poking fun at the senior lawmakers. Protestors also put up a poster for “missing” Rajya Sabha MP and senior AGP leader Birendra Prasad Baishya, seeking information about the vociferous parliamentarian, who has been silent on the Citizenship Bill.

Meanwhile, the Pro-talks faction leader of rebel group United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), Anup Chetia, accused the government of creating an Assam agitation-type situation. Hundreds of lives were lost in the six-year-long Assam agitation of early 1980s, which led to the signing of the Assam Accord between Rajiv Gandhi’s government and AASU in 1985.

RTI activist and leader of Krishak Mukti Sangram Samitee (KMSS), Akhil Gogoi, on Sunday appealed to the people to stand up against the Bill. He had earlier warned of “Assam ceasing to be part of India” if the government does not withdraw the Bill.

The KMSS leaders plan to visit villages across the state from December 11 and hold public meetings to mobilize opinions and raise awareness against the Bill.


In Manipur, security personnel stood guard as a crowd of women vendors at Ima market in Imphal continued chanting anti-government slogans. Hanging placards at their stalls that read, “Give Peace, Not Pieces”, “No CAB in Northeast”, the women folk staged a demonstration against the Bill on Sunday morning.

Beginning from midnight on Sunday, the Manipur People against Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2016 (MANPAC), a conglomerate of 88 CSOs of the state, has called for a 50-hour mass protest that will continue till Wednesday morning.

“Let them pass the Bill, our people will decide on the future course of action. It is like a war crime – totally genocidal. The Central government said they are brining CAB in larger national interest- whose national interest is it? Who are we? This is so shameful. It is not a democratic government, rather, we are ruled by a colonial concept of administration,” said NEFIP President Ningthoujam Lancha.

“The new draft Bill is a political bluff - the meaning of “exemption” is not clearly defined, and what do you mean by tribal areas? CAB is a process to naturalize the illegal immigrants – out of the six communities to be granted citizenship, 80% are Hindus. Both Citizenship Bill and NRC are antagonistic – let them first scrap the Bill, then talk about NRC,” added Lancha.

Both MANPAC and Northeast Forum for Indigenous People (NEFIP) were left behind when Union Home Minister Amit Shah held discussions on the contentious bill with CSOs, student bodies and political parties of the state in New Delhi.

“They tried to befool the people through our Chief Minister who told us about some assurances from the Central government, only verbal assurances though. The day Home Minister Amit Shah held discussion with stakeholders from Assam till past midnight, we waited. We then met him and Assam Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and discussed our concerns till 12:45am. But they failed to accommodate and acknowledge our sentiments,” said the NEFIP President, terming the consultation as “stage-managed”.


The Tripura United Indigenous Peoples Council (TUIPC), a joint body of 48 returnee insurgents’ organisations, has called for a 50-hour Tripura bandh beginning Monday in demand of a withdrawal of the redrafted Bill. Further, the Joint Movement Against Citizenship Amendment Bill (JMACB), a joint committee of Tripura’s tribal groups and social organisations, including the Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT), the National Conference of Tripura (NCT) and the Twipraland State Party (TSP), has called for an indefinite strike tomorrow onwards.

“We are peace loving people in Tripura. But, if we are oppressed for too long, and beyond our tolerance, the sentiments of young people will go out of hand for leaders. They are bringing the Bill to reject our rights, so that we exist nowhere on our own soil,” said INPT Chief Bijoy Kumar Hrangkhawl.

The ruling ally Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) has also called for a 12-hour shutdown in the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) areas on December 9 in protest against the Bill.

NESO calls for 11-hour Northeast Bandh

The North East Students' Organisation (NESO), comprising of all student organisations of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Tripura, has been long demanding that the entire region be exempted from Citizenship (Amendment) Bill. Exempting Nagaland from the bandh due to the ongoing Hornbill Festival, the organisation has called for an 11-hour shutdown in Northeast on December 10 to protest against the Bill. The NESO leadership said that “piecemeal” solutions will not solve the issue.

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| Edited by: Karan Anand
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