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Entry of India and Pakistan Into SCO Will Bolster Grouping's Strength: Xi Jinping

PM Modi is attending the summit for the first time after India, along with Pakistan, was admitted as a full member of the Beijing-based grouping last year.

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Updated:June 10, 2018, 11:57 AM IST
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Entry of India and Pakistan Into SCO Will Bolster Grouping's Strength: Xi Jinping
China's President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrive for a signing ceremony during Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Qingdao on Sunday (Reuters)
Qingdao (China): Chinese President Xi Jinping welcomed Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain to the eight-member Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) on Sunday, saying the entry of India and Pakistan into the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation would bolster its strength.

PM Modi is attending the summit for the first time after India, along with Pakistan, was admitted as a full member of the Beijing-based grouping last year.

Xi, also host of the 18th SCO summit, in his opening remarks said that the presence of Modi and Pakistan President Hussain at the meeting in the east Chinese port city was "of great historic significance."

The SCO enjoys strong vitality and momentum of cooperation, Xi said, attributing the organisation's standing to the Shanghai Spirit. He called for the pursuit of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.

"We should reject the Cold War mentality and confrontation between blocs and oppose the practices of seeking absolute security of oneself at the expense of the security of other countries, so as to achieve security of all," he said.

He said countries should work for promoting open and inclusive cooperation for win-win outcomes.

"We should reject self-centered, short-sighted and closed-door policies. We should uphold WTO rules and support the multilateral trading system so as to build an open world economy," Xi said amidst a looming trade war between China and the United States over tariffs.

Equality, mutual learning, dialogue and inclusiveness between cultures should be championed, so that "we overcome cultural misunderstanding, clash and supremacy through exchanges, mutual learning and coexistence," said Xi.

He called for adhering to extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits in global governance, steadily reforming and improving the global governance system, and pushing all countries to jointly build a community with a shared future for humanity.

He called for further carrying forward the 'Shanghai Spirit' to surmount difficulties, defuse risks and meet challenges.

"We should uphold innovative, coordinated, green, open and inclusive development, achieve coordinated social and economic progress of various countries and resolve issues caused by unbalanced development," he said. "We should bridge the gap in development and promote shared prosperity," he said.

The SCO member states need to actively implement the 2019-2021 programme of cooperation for combating terrorism, separatism and extremism, he said. Member nations should enhance cooperation on defence security, law enforcement security and information security, Xi said.

He also called for efforts to give full play to the role of the SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group to facilitate peace and reconstruction in war-torn Afghanistan.

Xi said that the SCO members need to build a powerful engine to achieve common development.

"China will set up a 30-billion-yuan ($4.7 billion) equivalent special lending facility within the framework of the SCO Inter-bank Consortium," Xi said.

He said in the next three years, China will provide 3,000 training opportunities of human resources development for SCO member states to enhance public understanding of and support for the SCO family.

The SCO has eight member countries which represents around 42 per cent of the world's population and 20 per cent of the global GDP. Besides Prime Minister Modi and President Xi, other leaders attending the summit include Russian President Vladimir Putin and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.

The SCO was founded at a summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the presidents of Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. India and Pakistan became its members last year.

(With PTI inputs)

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