Take the pledge to vote

For a better tommorow#AajSawaroApnaKal
  • I agree to receive emails from News18

  • I promise to vote in this year's elections no matter what the odds are.
  • Please check above checkbox.


Thank you for
taking the pledge

Vote responsibly as each vote counts
and makes a diffrence


Issued in public interest by HDFC Life. HDFC Life Insurance Company Limited (Formerly HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited) (“HDFC Life”). CIN: L65110MH2000PLC128245, IRDAI Reg. No. 101 . The name/letters "HDFC" in the name/logo of the company belongs to Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited ("HDFC Limited") and is used by HDFC Life under an agreement entered into with HDFC Limited. ARN EU/04/19/13618
LIVE TV DownloadNews18 App
News18 English
Needmore seats to Win
Needmore seats to Win
2-min read

Gender Gap in Indian Labour Force Over 50 Percent, Women Most Disadvantaged: Economic Survey

The Economic Survey that was tabled in the Parliament on Monday stated that women workers make up for a significant section among the low-skilled informal worker category and are engaged in low-productivity and low-paying work.

Rounak Kumar Gunjan | News18.com@Rounak_T

Updated:January 30, 2018, 11:05 AM IST
Gender Gap in Indian Labour Force Over 50 Percent, Women Most Disadvantaged: Economic Survey
Labourers work at the construction site of a residential complex. (Representational image: Reuters)
New Delhi: The pre-Budget Economic Survey tabled in the Parliament ahead of the last full-fledged Budget before the 2019 Lok Sabha elections has said that a rural woman spends 374 hours in a year in collecting firewood.

The survey also talks about the women in the labour force for being the most disadvantaged and that the gender gap in the labour workforce amounts to 50 percent.

"Among the developing countries, gender gap in labour force participation rates exists. But in India, it is more than 50 percentage points," the survey prepared by Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian and his team stated.

The survey that was tabled in the Parliament on Monday further stated that women workers make up for a significant section among the low-skilled informal worker category and are engaged in low-productivity and low-paying work.

Also, a lower participation of women in economic activities such as jobs, negatively affects the growth of the economy. The survey further noted that the government has been taking measures to increase the participation of women in productive economic activities with schemes to provide support services to working women and also through legislative measures to enhance maternity benefits.

Moreover, it also stressed on the political empowerment of women saying their representation in Parliament and in decision making roles in public sphere is one of the key indicators of a country’s upliftment.

As per the report 'Women in Politics 2017 (IPU & UN)', the Lok Sabha had 64 women MPs (11.8 per cent of 542 MPs) and the Rajya Sabha had 27 (11 per cent of 245 MPs) in 2017. Also, as on October 2016, out of the total 4,118 MLAs across the country, only 9 percent were women.

Among the state assemblies, the highest percentage of women MLAs were from Bihar, Haryana and Rajasthan — 14 percent — followed by Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal — 13 per cent — and Punjab with 12 percent, stated the Women & Men in India 2016 report by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

The survey further said that between 2010 and 2017, women's representation rose by only 1 percent in the Lok Sabha. It also pointed out that there are developing countries like Rwanda, which has more than 60 percent women representatives in Parliament in 2017, while countries like Egypt, India, Brazil, Malaysia, Japan, Sri Lanka and Thailand have less than 15 percent representation of women.

Speaking on labour reforms, the survey said that the codification of labour laws is expected to remove the multiplicity of definitions and authorities leading to ease of compliance, without compromising wage security and social security to the workers.

The government is in the process of rationalising 38 Central Labour Acts by framing relevant provisions of existing laws into 4 labour codes viz Code on Wages, Code on Safety and Working Conditions, Code on Industrial Relations and Code on Social Security and Welfare. The draft code on Wages Bill 2017 was introduced in the Lok Sabha in August 2017 and referred to the Standing Committee on Labour for examination. The other three Codes are at a pre-legislative consultation stage.
(Get detailed and live results of each and every seat in the Lok Sabha elections and state Assembly elections in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim to know which candidate/party is leading or trailing and to know who has won and who has lost and by what margin. Our one-of-its-kind Election Analytics Centre lets you don a psephologist’s hat and turn into an election expert. Know interesting facts and trivia about the elections and see our informative graphics. Elections = News18)
| Edited by: Sanchari Chatterjee
Read full article
Next Story
Next Story

Also Watch


Live TV

Countdown To Elections Results
  • 01 d
  • 12 h
  • 38 m
  • 09 s
To Assembly Elections 2018 Results