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Richard H. Thaler demonstrated how nudging – a term he coined – may help people exercise better self-control, example, when saving for a pension. Thaler & Laureate Robert J Shiller established the research area of behavioural finance. Thaler and Shlomo Benartzi designed the “Save More Tomorrow” programme as a means of increasing individual occupational pension savings. Thaler’s research is often cited in marketing literature and his insights help us recognise marketing tricks and avoid bad economic decisions.
In total, Richard H. Thaler’s contributions have built a bridge between the economic and psychological analyses of individual decision-making. Thaler explores how limited rationality, social preferences and lack of self-control affect individual decisions and market outcomes. Limited rationality: Thaler developed the theory of mental accounting, explaining how people simplify financial decisions.
66 Peace Prizes have been given to one Laureate only. 29 Peace Prizes have been shared by two Laureates. 2 Peace Prizes have been shared between three persons. The 1994 Nobel Peace Prize to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres, Yitzhak Rabin, and the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman.
97 Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded since 1901. It was not awarded on 19 occasions: in 1914-1916, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939-1943, 1948, 1955-1956, 1966-1967 and 1972. Why were the Peace Prizes not awarded in those years? In the statutes of the Nobel Foundation it says: "If none of the works under consideration is found to be of the importance indicated in the first paragraph, the prize money shall be reserved until the following year. If even then, the prize cannot be awarded, the amount shall be added to the Foundation's restricted funds." During World War I and II, fewer Nobel Prizes were awarded.
Earlier, The Norwegian Nobel Committee decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2017 to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons".
Economics is perhaps the Nobel discipline where a laureate's profile is easiest to guess: a man over the age of 55, who is an American citizen. In the past 20 years, 75 percent of economics laureates have met that description. The average age of all economics laureates at the time of their win is 67 — the highest among all six Nobel prizes. US economist Leonid Hurwicz, who won in 2007 at age 90, is the oldest person to have won a Nobel to date.
Swedish newspaper of reference Dagens Nyheter on Sunday predicted this year's prize could go to American Paul Romer — a 61-year-old researcher from the University of Chicago, an activist and entrepreneur who is currently the World Bank's chief economist — for his pioneering work on endogenous growth theory. This relatively new area of research tries to incorporate the way that people innovate and develop technologies into models of economic growth. He could in such a case share the prize with fellow American Robert Barro and Philippe Aghion of France.
CLICK TO READ | Nobel Economics Prize to be Announced Today, Raghuram Rajan in the Running
Raghuram Rajan is considered a candidate for his "contributions illuminating the dimensions of decisions in corporate finance".
Economist Avner Offer, co-author of the 2016 book "The Nobel Factor" written with Gabriel Soderberg, said he could see the prize going to France's Esther Duflo, a 44-year-old professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an expert on development policy — a field honoured with a Nobel only twice in 48 years. "She is a pioneer of the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) method which has been a major trend in economics in the last 20 years," Offer told AFP. A technique inspired by RCTs in medicine to test the effectiveness of drugs, the method uses two groups (a randomly chosen group and a control group) in an experiment setting to measure the impact of poverty, health, and education programmes. If she were to win the Nobel, Duflo would be only the second woman awarded the economics prize, after Elinor Ostrom of the US in 2009.
According to Clarivate Analytics, a company that does academic and scientific research and maintains a list of dozens of possible Nobel Prize winners based on research citations, the list of possible Nobel Prize winners based on research citations include Colin Camerer of the California Institute of Technology and George Loewenstein of Carnegie Mellon University (for pioneering research in behavioural economics and in neuroeconomics); Robert Hall of Stanford University (for his analysis of worker productivity and studies of recessions and unemployment); and Michael Jensen of Harvard, Stewart Myers of MIT and Raghuram Rajan of the University of Chicago (for their contributions illuminating the dimensions of decisions in corporate finance).
Formally known as the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced in Stockholm at 3:15 pm IST. Raghuram Rajan, whose three-year term as Reserve Bank Governor ended on September 4, 2016, is considered a candidate for his "contributions illuminating the dimensions of decisions in corporate finance".
Raghuram Rajan is among six economists on the list of probable winners compiled by Clarivate Analytics, a company that does academic and scientific research and maintains a list of dozens of possible Nobel Prize winners based on research citations. The entry to the list does not guarantee that Rajan is a front-runner but he is a probable who stands a chance to win.
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