As Modi Arrives in Russia, Officials Race to Iron Out Nuclear Deal Details
Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived at St Petersburg in Russia on Wednesday night for an annual summit with President Vladimir Putin during which the two sides will sign a host of agreements, with all eyes on a deal to build with Russia's help the last two units of India's largest nuclear power plant.
In this October 15, 2016 photo, Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaks with Russian President Vladimir Putin during exchange of agreements event after India-Russia Annual Summit in Benaulim in Goa. (REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui)
New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived at St Petersburg in Russia on Wednesday night for an annual summit with President Vladimir Putin during which the two sides will sign a host of agreements, with all eyes on a deal to build with Russia's help the last two units of India's largest nuclear power plant.
On his arrival, Modi tweeted that he looked forward to a fruitful visit.
Reached the historic city of St. Petersburg. Looking forward to a fruitful visit aimed at cementing India-Russia relations. pic.twitter.com/0vZTiS0euh
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) May 31, 2017
With hours to go before the summit, Indian officials told PTI that last-minute talks were taking place to iron out details and language of the agreement on a line of credit for building Unit 5 and 6 of the Kundankulam nuclear power plant in Tamil Nadu. "The agreement remains work in progress," the source said.
The reactors are being built by India's Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and Russia's Atomstroyexport company, a subsidiary of Rosatom, the regulatory body of the Russian nuclear complex, PTI reported.
The two sides are expected to ink 12 agreements in wide-ranging sectors, including in science and technology, railways, cultural exchanges and other business areas between private parties also, in addition to a "vision statement" that the two leaders will release.
The nuclear deal, if signed, would be the centerpiece of the summit, the second time in eight months after their last bilateral in Goa in October 2016.
If signed, the two units of the plant, with capacity to produce 1000 MW of electricity each, will significantly boost the country's nuclear power generation.
The current nuclear power generation capacity of all 22 nuclear power reactors is 6,780 MW.
In October 2015, a joint statement between Modi and Putin promised the signing of a General Framework Agreement on the nuclear units by December 2016. After an inter-ministerial group cleared the project, it was sent to the Prime Ministers Office for approval. But, sources said, the Credit Protocol, or a line of credit that Russia was to provide, proved to be a hurdle.
India’s traditional ties with Russia dating back to the days of Soviet Union have been complicated by Moscow’s growing economic and political alliances with China and Pakistan. However, Pankaj Saran, India’s ambassador to Russia, told said India’s relations with Russia are independent of its ties with Pakistan.
"Our relations with Russia is on a different pedestal and we have a full agenda between us that is important to both of us. We have clear understanding of our core concerns and vital security interests," he told PTI.
Modi arrived in stormy weather in St. Petersburg, the former capital of imperial Russia that was founded by Czar Peter the Great in 1703, and was also known as Petrograd and Leningrad.
The Prime Minister will begin his three-day Russia sojourn with a visit on Thursday to the Piskariovskoe cemetery, a memorial for some 500,000 Russians who were killed in the siege of Leningrad in World War II, which the Russians call the Great Patriotic War.
Modi will then be received by Putin at the Konstantin Palace, a sprawling regal complex that is also the Russian president’s official residence where he hosts world leaders. After the summit, Putin will host Modi at a private dinner without any aides.
On Friday, Modi will be the guest of honor at the annual St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, which is being attended by a host of political and business leaders from around the world. It’s the first time that an Indian Prime Minister is attending the economic and business summit.
Some 60 Indian CEOs are attending the summit, and India has also set up a 'Make in India' pavilion in addition to hosting roundtables and an exclusive India-Eurasia economic and business breakfast.
Trade between the two nations stands at $7.8 billion, down from $10 billion in 2014. The two nations are targeting to raise the trade to $30 billion in the next five years.
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