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2-min read

Relief For Kulbhushan Jadhav: How India Got Its way at International Court of Justice

India had approached ICJ against the death sentence handed down to Jadhav by Pakistan's Field General Court Martial last month.

Maha Siddiqui | CNN-News18

Updated:May 10, 2017, 1:53 PM IST
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Relief For Kulbhushan Jadhav: How India Got Its way at International Court of Justice
File photo of former Indian naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav. (Photo: PTI)
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New Delhi: The International Court of Justice has stayed the execution order against Kulbushan Jadhav passed by a Pakistani military court. The Pakistan court had sentenced the Indian national to death for alleged involvement in "spying" and "subversive activities".

India had approached ICJ against the death sentence and accused Pakistan of "egregious" violations of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. It asserted that Jadhav was kidnapped from Iran where he was involved in business activities after retiring from the Indian Navy. However, Pakistan claimed to have arrested him from Balochistan on March 3, 2016.

Turbulent Past

- Before Kulbhushan Jadhav’s case India has only once approached the ICJ

- In 1971, India filed a case against the jurisdiction of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO). This as Pakistan was demanding landing and overflight rights after the India Airlines Lahore flight hijack case. This ruling was against India. ICJ said ICAO had jurisdiction

- In 1999, Pakistan took India to ICJ over India shooting down an Atlantique plane of Pakistan navy flying over Rann of Kutch. This incident occurred in August, 1999 just around the Kargil war. India told ICJ it had no jurisdiction in the matter. ICJ upheld India’s position.

- This was what ICJ had observed limiting its role on disputes between India and Pakistan

“That Pakistan’s Application fails to take into consideration the reservations to the Declaration of India dated 15 September, 1974 filed under Article 36 (2) of its Statute. In particular, Pakistan, being a Commonwealth country, is not entitled to invoke the jurisdiction of the Court as sub-paragraph 2 of paragraph 1 of that Declaration excludes all disputes involving India from the jurisdiction of this Court in respect of any State which is or has been a Member of the Commonwealth of Nations."

- But this time India has taken up Kulbhushan Jadhav matter on the grounds that the Vienna Convention on Consular relations are being flouted by Pakistan

- Both countries are signatories to the Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention concerning compulsory settlement of disputes, 1963. It provides for compulsory jurisdiction of ICJ for resolution of any dispute arising between parties of the treaty. So, technically India can invoke the jurisdiction of ICJ from the protocol and not under Article 36 mentioned above which was settled in 1999 in India’s favour

(Get detailed and live results of each and every seat in the Lok Sabha elections and state Assembly elections in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim to know which candidate/party is leading or trailing and to know who has won and who has lost and by what margin. Our one-of-its-kind Election Analytics Centre lets you don a psephologist’s hat and turn into an election expert. Know interesting facts and trivia about the elections and see our informative graphics. Elections = News18)
| Edited by: Swati Sharma
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