New Delhi: On Friday, as the Environment Ministry’s gazette notification banning cattle slaughter and restrictions on the sale of cattle kicked up a controversy, confusion prevailed around the scope of the rules and rights of the state governments.
News18 helps you understand the rules in each state as on date:
States where cow slaughter is not illegal
Kerala, West Bengal and North-eastern states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. In Manipur, a royal edict banned cow slaughter, but beef is consumed widely.
States where cow slaughter is banned
Slaughter of “cow, calf, heifer, bull or bullock” prohibited; possession, transport of their flesh prohibited. 10 years’ imprisonment and/or Rs 10,000 fine.
ANDHRA PRADESH & TELANGANA
Offenders face jail term for six months and/or Rs 1,000 fine.
Cow slaughter banned except on issue of ‘fit-for-slaughter’ certificate at designated places.
Slaughter of cows, calves banned; of bulls, bullocks older than 15 years allowed. Violators face 6 months’ jail and/or Rs 1,000 fine
Killing a cow, storing/serving/eating beef banned; eating meat of buffalo, bullock, ox also banned.
Slaughter of cow, buffalo, bull, bullock, calf, and possession of their meat banned. Transport, export to other states for slaughter also banned; attracts same punishment of 7 years’ jail, fine up to Rs 50,000.
Slaughter of “agricultural cattle” — cow, calf, bull, bullock — and “possession of [their] flesh”, even if they are killed outside Delhi, banned. Buffalo meat, or carabeef, is allowed.
Slaughter of cow, calf, bull and bullock; transport, sale of their meat banned. Punishment: Rs 50,000 fine, up to 7 years’ jail. Buffalo meat, or carabeef, is allowed.
“Cow”, which includes bull, bullock, ox, heifer, calf, and disabled/diseased/barren cows, can’t be killed, as per a 2015 law. Three-10 years jail and fine up to Rs 1 lakh as punishment. Ban on sale of canned beef and beef products, and export of cows for slaughter.
Slaughter of all bovines punishable by a jail term of five years. Killing allowed in the interest of research, or if animal has contagious disease.
JAMMU & KASHMIR
Slaughter of cow and its progeny punishable by jail term of up to 10 years. Possession of “flesh of any [of these] slaughtered animal(s)” punishable by a year; killing of “he or she buffalo” punishable with fine five times the animal’s price.
Slaughter of cows and oxen; possession, consumption of their meat, banned. Violators face up to 10 years’ jail and/or Rs 10,000 fine.
Cows can be slaughtered if old or diseased. Possession, however, is not a crime. According to a bill proposed by the BJP in 2010, cow slaughter made slaughter punishable by 7 years’ jail and Rs 1 lakh fine. The bill is still pending for approval in Karnataka assembly.
Slaughter of cow, progeny banned. Penalty increased to 7 years’ jail in 2012, burden of proof on accused. Buffaloes can be killed.
Slaughter, consumption of meat of cow, bull, bullock banned since March 2015 after revision of existing law. 5 years’ jail and/or Rs 10,000 fine. Slaughter of buffaloes, however, is allowed.
2 years’ jail, Rs 1,000 fine for cow slaughter. Old bulls, bullocks can be killed on fit-for-slaughter certificate; cow if it suffers from contagious disease.
“Beef” doesn’t include imported beef; “cow” includes bulls, bullocks, oxen, heifer and calves. Slaughter allowed for export, of the govt allows.
Cow, calf slaughter banned; up to 3 years’ jail and/or Rs 1,000 fine. Beef consumption and slaughter of economically worthless animals allowed.
Slaughter of cow, bullock, ox banned. Can’t store or eat beef. 7 years’ jail and/or Rs 10,000 fine. Can import in sealed containers, to be served to foreigners. Buffaloes can be killed.