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5 Common Causes of Acidity and Simple Tips to Avoid it

There are various summer foods, including colas, coffee, foods with excess garlic and onions, that tend to trigger acidity in people. However, there are various other reasons that could lead to acidity as well.

Updated:September 14, 2020, 5:52 PM IST
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5 Common Causes of Acidity and Simple Tips to Avoid it

Many people blame only food items for their recurrent acid reflux - and with good reason. There are various summer foods, including colas, coffee, foods with excess garlic and onions, that tend to trigger acidity in people.  However, there are various other reasons that could lead to acidity as well. Following are the most common causes of acidity and some simple ways to get rid of it:

1. Eating large meals

When you eat large amounts of food in a single meal, your stomach gets filled with the food. This can lead to the reflux of acid into the food pipe.

How to deal with it: In order to deal with this issue, all you need to do is break down your 3 large meals into five smaller at shorter intervals. This would prevent the overfilling of the stomach. Also, do not eat your food very quickly, chew it properly before swallowing.

2. Obesity

Our body has small door-like structures at the junction where the food pipe ends and the stomach starts. These doors are called sphincters and they are unidirectional, which means they allow the food to pass from food pipe to the stomach but does not allow the stomach acid to reach up to the food pipe. When there is excessive fat in the body, there is an increased weight on the muscle structure that supports the sphincter of the food pipe. This can cause the sphincter to open up, allowing the stomach content to travel to the food pipe and leading to acid reflux and heartburn.

How to deal with it: You may need to consult a doctor before planning a weight loss programme, as obesity can also be due to some underlying condition such as hypothyroidism. You can maintain your weight by eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly and staying away from fried foods and carbonated drinks.

3. Smoking

Smoking is not only harmful to your lungs but can also increase acid reflux in your body. Nicotine, present in tobacco, has the ability to relax the sphincter present in the lower food pipe. This allows the acid from the stomach to flow back into the food pipe, leading to heartburn.

How to deal with it: The only thing you can do in this case is to quit smoking.

4. Certain foods and drinks

Food is considered to be the most common culprit of acidity. Foods such as fatty foods, spicy foods, tomatoes, onions, garlic, mint and chocolate, and beverages like coffee, tea, alcohol and carbonated drinks are known to cause acidity

How to deal with it: Rather than drinking carbonated drinks, you can consume coconut water, watermelon juice and buttermilk which are known to soothe your stomach and counter acidity. You can also drink a glass of fresh lime juice an hour before your meal to reduce the discomfort caused by acidity.

5. Side-effect of certain medications 

There are certain medications such as drugs for asthma, calcium-channel blockers, anti-allergics, sedatives, antidepressants and some painkillers which can also lead to acid reflux.

How to deal with it: You can ask your doctor to change these medications if possible or else ask them if you can take an antacid along with these medications.

For more information, read our article on How to control acidity: Home remedies and tips.

Health articles on News18 are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.


The information provided here is intended to provide free education about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, treatment, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. If you believe you, your child or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself, your child, or anyone else without proper medical supervision. You acknowledge and agree that neither myUpchar nor News18 is liable for any loss or damage which may be incurred by you as a result of the information provided here, or as a result of any reliance placed by you on the completeness, accuracy or existence of any information provided herein.

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