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10 Signs And Symptoms Of Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, scabies, pubic lice, hepatitis, HIV and others can all have different signs and it's important to know them so you know what to look out for.

Updated:July 14, 2020, 4:28 PM IST
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10 Signs And Symptoms Of Sexually Transmitted Infections
(Photo courtesy: Image for representation/ AFP Relaxnews/ franckreporter/ Istock.com)

There are many misconceptions about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - one of them being that not everyone can catch an STI. The truth is that anyone who is not practising safe sex is at risk of getting an infection. You could be at a lower risk if you and your partner are in an exclusive relationship and get tested regularly. On the other hand, you could be at a higher risk if you have multiple sexual partners.

Not many people even know the signs and symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection. Sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, scabies, pubic lice, hepatitis, HIV and others can all have different signs and it's important to know them so you know what to look out for.

If you notice any of the following signs or symptoms, you must contact a medical professional:

1. Painful urination

Painful urination can be a sign of a urinary tract infection. However, the pain in sexually transmitted infection would be accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms. Painful urination is seen in STIs such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhoea and herpes.

2. Abnormal vaginal bleeding 

A woman who has contracted a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia might complain of vaginal bleeding between regular periods. Bleeding may also be experienced after sexual intercourse.

3. Blisters around genitals

Small, painful blisters can be seen around the genitals in the case of genital herpes and syphilis. There can also be itching around the blisters.

4. Growths around genitals

Fleshy growths or warts could be seen growing on the genitals and also around the anus of a person who has a sexually transmitted infection.

5. Green or yellow discharge from the vagina or penis

Anyone suffering from an STI like chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis is likely to present with greenish or yellow discharge from their penis or vagina. The discharge may have a pungent smell.

6. Rashes around genitals

Small, painful and itchy red rashes can be seen around the genitals of a person who has contracted an STI such as scabies, syphilis and even HIV. There can be one or more rashes around the genitals.

7. Severe itching around genitals

A woman infected with an STI may complain of itchiness and discomfort around the opening of the vagina. The itchiness is likely to get worse during the night. However, this can also be a sign of a urinary tract infection.

8. Pain in scrotum or testes

A man suffering from a sexually transmitted infection would complain of pain in his testes and scrotum.

9. Lumps or bumps around genitals

Painless lumps or bumps may be seen around the genitals and anus in case of an STI. These bumps can be small and itchy.

10. Flu-like symptoms 

A person with an STI may present with any of the above signs along with flu-like symptoms such as high temperature, chills, sore throat, headache and joint pains. These symptoms are usually seen in the case of STIs like HIV and syphilis.

For more information, read our article on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).

Health articles on News18 are written by myUpchar.com, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.

Disclaimer:

The information provided here is intended to provide free education about certain medical conditions and certain possible treatment. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, treatment, and medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. If you believe you, your child or someone you know suffers from the conditions described herein, please see your health care provider immediately. Do not attempt to treat yourself, your child, or anyone else without proper medical supervision. You acknowledge and agree that neither myUpchar nor News18 is liable for any loss or damage which may be incurred by you as a result of the information provided here, or as a result of any reliance placed by you on the completeness, accuracy or existence of any information provided herein.

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