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Perfectionist. Genius. Icon. That Was Stephen Sondheim

Associated Press

Last Updated: November 27, 2021, 05:57 IST

Perfectionist. Genius. Icon. That Was Stephen Sondheim

In 2010, the year he turned 80, Stephen Sondheim had to endure a public fuss when a Broadway theater was being renamed in his honor.

NEW YORK: In 2010, the year he turned 80, Stephen Sondheim had to endure a public fuss when a Broadway theater was being renamed in his honor.
At a ceremony outside the 1,055-seat auditorium on West 43rd Street, the composer looked sheepish by the time he got to the podium following gushing words from admirers that included Patti LuPone and Nathan Lane. He also offered up a window into his psyche.
Im thrilled, but deeply embarrassed, he said, tearing up as a mid-September sun fell over the Stephen Sondheim Theatre. Ive always hated my last name. It just doesnt sing.
The comment revealed how Sondheims brilliant musicality and his perfectionism went hand-in-hand. The theatrical giant, who died Friday at 91, was as complex as his lyrics, dogmatic in his rules and not generous with praise about his work.
A driven, obsessive purist, he was also a magician, creating lyrics and music to such towering shows as A Little Night Music, Into the Woods, Company, Follies and Sunday in the Park with George.
But he was also his worst critic. Take, for example, his feeling about the iconic song America from West Side Story, for which he supplied the lyrics to Leonard Bernsteins music.
Some lines of this lyric are respectably sharp and crisp, but some melt in the mouth as gracelessly as peanut butter and are impossible to comprehend, such as For a small fee in America, which smashes the ls and the fs together, making it sound like For a smafee, he wrote in his autobiographical self-critique, which took two volumes.
To the rest of us, Sondheim was genius, whether with the simple lament, The sun comes up/I think about you/The coffee cup/I think about you, or the slightly paranoid, Be careful the things you say/Children will listen, or the sublime Marry me a little/Do it with a will/Make a few demands/Im able to fulfill.
Six of Sondheims musicals won Tony Awards for best score, and he also received a Pulitzer Prize (Sunday in the Park), an Academy Award (for the song Sooner or Later from the film Dick Tracy), five Olivier Awards and the Presidential Medal of Honor. In 2008, he received a Tony Award for lifetime achievement.
He had been working on a new musical with Venus in Fur playwright David Ives, who called his collaborator a genius. Not only are his musicals brilliant, but I cant think of another theater person who has so chronicled a whole age so eloquently, Ives said in 2013. He is the spirit of the age in a certain way.
Early in his career, Sondheim wrote the lyrics for two shows considered to be classics of the American stage, West Side Story (1957) and Gypsy (1959). West Side Story transplanted Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet to the streets and gangs of modern-day New York. Gypsy, with music by Jule Styne, told the backstage story of the ultimate stage mother and the daughter who grew up to be Gypsy Rose Lee.
It was not until 1962 that Sondheim wrote both music and lyrics for a Broadway show, and it turned out to be a smash the bawdy A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, starring Zero Mostel as a wily slave in ancient Rome yearning to be free.
Yet his next show, Anyone Can Whistle (1964), flopped, running only nine performances but achieving cult status after its cast recording was released. Sondheims 1965 lyric collaboration with composer Richard Rodgers Do I Hear a Waltz? also turned out to be problematic. The musical, based on the play The Time of the Cuckoo, ran for six months but was an unhappy experience for both men, who did not get along.
It was Company, which opened on Broadway in April 1970, that cemented Sondheims reputation. The episodic adventures of a bachelor (played by Dean Jones) with an inability to commit to a relationship was hailed as capturing the obsessive nature of striving, self-centered New Yorkers. The show, produced and directed by Hal Prince, won Sondheim his first Tony for best score. The Ladies Who Lunch became a standard for Elaine Stritch.
The following year, Sondheim wrote the score for Follies, a look at the shattered hopes and disappointed dreams of women who had appeared in lavish Ziegfeld-style revues. The music and lyrics paid homage to great composers of the past such as Jerome Kern, Cole Porter and the Gershwins.
In 1973, A Little Night Music, starring Glynis Johns and Len Cariou, opened. Based on Bergmans Smiles of a Summer Night, this rueful romance of middle-age lovers contains the song Send in the Clowns, which gained popularity outside the show. A revival in 2009 starred Angela Lansbury and Catherine Zeta-Jones was nominated for a best revival Tony.
Pacific Overtures, with a book by John Weidman, followed in 1976. The musical, also produced and directed by Prince, was not a financial success, but it demonstrated Sondheims commitment to offbeat material, filtering its tale of the westernization of Japan through a hybrid American-Kabuki style.
In 1979, Sondheim and Prince collaborated on what many believe to be Sondheims masterpiece, the bloody yet often darkly funny Sweeney Todd. An ambitious work, it starred Cariou in the title role as a murderous barber whose customers end up in meat pies baked by Todds willing accomplice, played by Angela Lansbury.
The Sondheim-Prince partnership collapsed two years later, after Merrily We Roll Along, a musical that traced a friendship backward from its characters compromised middle age to their idealistic youth. The show, based on a play by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, only ran two weeks on Broadway. But again, as with Anyone Can Whistle, its original cast recording helped Merrily We Roll Along to become a favorite among musical-theater buffs.
Sunday in the Park, written with James Lapine, may be Sondheims most personal show. A tale of uncompromising artistic creation, it told the story of artist Georges Seurat, played by Mandy Patinkin. The painter submerges everything in his life, including his relationship with his model (Bernadette Peters), for his art. It was most recently revived on Broadway in 2017 with Jake Gyllenhaal.)
Three years after Sunday debuted, Sondheim collaborated again with Lapine, this time on the fairy-tale musical Into the Woods. The show starred Peters as a glamorous witch and dealt primarily with the turbulent relationships between parents and children, using such famous fairy-tale characters as Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood and Rapunzel. It was most recently revived in the summer of 2012 in Central Park by The Public Theater.
Assassins opened off-Broadway in 1991 and it looked at the men and women who wanted to kill presidents, from John Wilkes Booth to John Hinckley. The show received mostly negative reviews in its original incarnation, but many of those critics reversed themselves 13 years later when the show was done on Broadway and won a Tony for best musical revival.
Passion was another severe look at obsession, this time a desperate woman, played by Donna Murphy, in love with a handsome soldier. Despite winning the best-musical Tony in 1994, the show barely managed a six-month run.
A new version of The Frogs, with additional songs by Sondheim and a revised book by Nathan Lane (who also starred in the production), played Lincoln Center during the summer of 2004. The show, based on the Aristophanes comedy, originally had been done 20 years earlier in the Yale University swimming pool.
One of his more troubled shows was Road Show, which reunited Sondheim and Weidman and spent years being worked on. This tale of the Mizner brothers, whose get-rich schemes in the early part of the 20th century finally made it to the Public Theater in 2008 after going through several different titles, directors and casts.
He had been working on a new musical with Venus in Fur playwright David Ives, who called his collaborator a genius. Not only are his musicals brilliant, but I cant think of another theater person who has so chronicled a whole age so eloquently, Ives said in 2013. He is the spirit of the age in a certain way.
Sondheim wrote infrequently for the movies. He collaborated with actor Anthony Perkins on the script for the 1973 murder mystery The Last of Sheila, and besides his work on Dick Tracy (1990), wrote scores for such movies as Alain Resnais Stavisky (1974) and Warren Beattys Reds (1981).
Over the years, there have been many Broadway revivals of Sondheim shows, especially Gypsy, which had reincarnations starring Angela Lansbury (1974), Tyne Daly (1989) and Peters (2003). But there also were productions of A Funny Thing, one with Phil Silvers in 1972 and another starring Nathan Lane in 1996; Into the Woods with Vanessa Williams in 2002; and even of Sondheims less successful shows such as Assassins and Pacific Overtures, both in 2004. Sweeney Todd has been produced in opera houses around the world. A reimagined West Side Story opened on Broadway in 2020 and a scrambled Company opened on Broadway in 2021 with the genders of the actors switched. A film version of West Side Story is to open this December directed by Steven Spielberg.
Sondheims songs have been used extensively in revues, the best-known being Side by Side by Sondheim (1976) on Broadway and Putting It Together, off-Broadway with Julie Andrews in 1992 and on Broadway with Carol Burnett in 1999. The New York Philharmonic put on a star-studded Company in 2011 with Neil Patrick Harris and Stephen Colbert. Tunes from his musicals have lately popped up everywhere from Marriage Story to The Morning Show. He himself was most recently portrayed on film by Bradley Whitford in Tick, Tick… BOOM!
Mark Kennedy is at http://twitter.com/KennedyTwits

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first published:November 27, 2021, 05:50 IST
last updated:November 27, 2021, 05:57 IST