After SC Order, 20,600 Polling Stations to Have EVM-VVPAT Match
Nearly 39.6 lakh EVMs and 17.4 lakh voter-verifiable paper trail machines (VVPAT) would be used in these polling stations.
(Picture for Representation)
New Delhi: After the Supreme Court direction to have random matching of EVM results with paper trail machine slips in five polling stations per assembly seat, the exercise will be held in 20,600 of 10.35 lakh polling stations in the Lok Sabha elections.
Though the exercise of matching EVM results with paper trail machine slips was being held in various assembly elections, this is the first time it will be undertaken in Lok Sabha polls.
So far, paper audit trail checks were done in only one polling station per assembly segment selected randomly by a draw of lots or lottery system, though the VVPAT machines are deployed in all the polling stations.
Highly placed sources in the Election Commission of India (ECI) Monday said the exercise will not have much bearing on the official declaration of results.
"Though candidates come to know of the results after the EVM results are counted, the official declaration will be delayed by two to three hours," a functionary explained.
He said if the ECI is able to deploy five separate teams for random matching, then there would not be much of a delay in announcing the results.
"But if there are less than five teams, the delay would be proportional to the time taken at each station," he said.
India has 4,120 assembly seats. Now, multiplied by five, the paper audit trail checks will take place in 20,600 polling stations spread across these assembly seats.
"The number of voters vary from 800 to 2,500 per polling station," the functionary said.
Since Union territories such as Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli do not have state assemblies, five polling stations will be selected randomly. This would mean, another 25 polling stations.
A cautious approach by the ECI, thin margins of leads and counting of paper trail machine slips were some of the key factors that led to the delayed poll results in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in December last year.
With parties blaming the electronic voting machines (EVMs), the poll panel was extra cautious in its approach.
The Chief Electoral Officers of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Mizoram were reminded of an old rule that they had to provide round-wise results to candidates without fail. Referring to its April 2014 instruction, the poll panel had said observers and returning officers would sign candidate-wise results for each round after checking everything.
The system ensured that very few demands were made for a recount, but it delayed the counting process.
The panel will set up nearly 10.35 lakh polling stations in the country, as compared to nearly 9.28 lakh set up during the 2014 polls -- an increase of 10.1 per cent.
Nearly 39.6 lakh EVMs and 17.4 lakh voter-verifiable paper trail machines (VVPAT) would be used in these polling stations. These include reserves.
One control unit and at least one ballot unit where buttons are placed constitute an EVM.
The ECI said it will make all-out efforts to implement the Supreme Court's direction "with immediate effect".
The top court said its direction was issued keeping in mind the confidence of voters and credibility of the electoral process.
"The ECI shall make all-out efforts to operationalise and implement the directions of the Supreme Court with immediate effect," a commission spokesperson said.
A bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi also did not agree with the demand of 21 opposition parties that matching of EVM-VVPAT results be done in 50 per cent cases, saying it will require huge manpower and will not be feasible in view of infrastructural difficulties.
After votes are cast, the polling station where VVPAT slips are matched with EVM results is decided by a draw of lots or lottery system in the presence of the candidates.
VVPAT machine is a device which dispenses a slip with the symbol of the party for which a person has voted.
The slip appears on a small window for seven seconds and then drops in a box. The voter cannot take it home.
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