New Delhi: One of the biggest decisions taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the first 75 days of his government is the abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, which would help bring about better integration and mobility and end the concept of dual citizenship. Modi used the heft of his mandate to prise through the contentious issue in what was a political and a diplomatic masterstroke.
The decision to revoke Article 370, which provided special status for Jammu and Kashmir, has been welcomed by many and also opposed by a few. There seems to be an uneasy calm at the moment. What makes the prime minister think that the people of Jammu and Kashmir will stand with him?
"Please see the list of people who have opposed the decisions about Kashmir — the usual vested interest groups, political dynasties, those who sympathise with terror, and some friends in the Opposition. The people of India, irrespective of what their political preference, have supported the steps taken in Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. This is about the nation, not politics," he responded. "The people of India are seeing that tough but essential decisions that were earlier assumed to be impossible are becoming a reality."
As the dragnet eases and life limps back to normal in the Valley, Modi has a clear view on the issue and reckons that these provisions actually harmed India, for a handful of families and a separatist cabal capitalised on this.
"It is now clear to everyone how Articles 370 and 35(A) fully isolated Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The status quo of seven long decades clearly could not fulfill people's aspirations. Citizens were kept away from the fruits of development. The greatest casualty was the lack of any proper economic avenues to increase earnings. Our approach is different — instead of the vicious cycle of poverty, the people need more economic opportunities. For years, intimidation ruled the roost. Let us now give development a chance," he said.
Modi followed up by making a plea to his brethren in Kashmir.
"My sisters and brothers of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh always wanted a better future for them, but Article 370 did not enable it. There was injustice against women and children, Scheduled Tribes as well as Scheduled Castes communities. And, most importantly, the innovative zeal of the people of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh was not harnessed. Now, from BPOs to startups, from food processing to tourism, many industries can avail of investment and create opportunities for the local youth. Education and skill development will also bloom."
Modi said that the region would develop as per the wishes of local people, their dreams and ambitions. "The growth of these regions will first and foremost be powered by those belonging to these regions. Articles 370 and 35(A) were like chains that kept people tied. These chains are now broken, people have been unshackled from such dominance and they will now shape their own destiny," he added.
For those opposing the decisions on Jammu and Kashmir, Modi believes they should answer a basic question — What is their defence for Articles 370 and 35(A) remaining?
"They would have no answer to this question," Modi argued. "And these are the same people who are used to protesting when it comes to anything that helps common people. There is a project to provide water to people, they will oppose it. There is a railway track being built, they will oppose that. Their heart only beats for Maoists and terrorists who have only bullied common citizens. Today, every Indian is fully standing with the people of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh and I am confident they will stand with us in the aim to boost development and bring peace."
When asked whether the voice of the people of Kashmir would be heard, Modi said the erstwhile state has never witnessed such a strong commitment in favour of democracy before.
"Remember the turnout during the panchayat elections? The people voted in large numbers and did not get cowed by bullying. In November and December 2018, there were 35,000 sarpanches elected and the turnout in the panchayat elections was a record 74%. There was no violence during the panchayat elections. Not a drop of blood was shed in poll violence," he said.
"This, when the main parties there were lukewarm to this entire exercise. It is very satisfying that now panchayats are back at the forefront of furthering development and human empowerment. Imagine, for so many years those in power did not find it prudent to work towards strengthening panchayats. And they gave great sermons on democracy, but the words never led to action," he added.
Modi said it surprised and saddened him that the 73rd Amendment did not apply to Jammu and Kashmir. "How could such injustice be tolerated? It was in the last few years that panchayats in Jammu and Kashmir got more powers to work towards people's progress and various subjects transferred to panchayats under the 73rd amendment were transferred to panchayats of Jammu and Kashmir," he said.
"Now, I have requested the Governor to work towards organising block panchayat elections too. Recently, the Jammu and Kashmir administration did the 'Back to Village' programme, where the entire government machinery went to the people instead of vice-versa. They went just to mitigate people's problems. The common citizens appreciated the programme," he said. "The results of these efforts are for all to see. Swachh Bharat, rural electrification and other such initiatives are reaching the grassroots. This is what democracy truly is."
Modi said correcting mistakes and imbalances was at the kernel of his intent on J&K.
"In any case, I have assured people that elections in Jammu, Kashmir will continue and it is the people of these regions only who will represent the larger public. Those who ruled Kashmir thinking it is their divine right to do so will dislike democratisation and peddle incorrect narratives. They do not want a self-made, younger leadership to emerge. These are the same people whose own conduct in the 1987 elections has been suspect," Modi said. "Article 370 has helped the local political class avoid transparency and accountability. Its removal will only empower democracy even more."