Coronavirus Lockdown: Online Gaming Industry Gets Boost But 'Skyrocketed' Fantasy Segment Completely Shattered

Representative image for esports (Photo Credit: Reuters)

Representative image for esports (Photo Credit: Reuters)

Coronavirus lockdown has given esports a huge boost but with no live sports, fantasy gaming has been in absolute darkness.


Rajnish Mishra

Ahmedabad/Bengaluru: The until-recently skyrocketing fantasy sports segment of the online gaming industry in India has in last few weeks plummeted and now almost completely shattered due to the Coronavirus crisis. It was kicking and bustling not so long ago and was even expected to see another huge surge in the number of gamers and around Rs 1000 crores annual revenue during April-May this year.

This slump has happened even as there is an overall rise in the number of online gamers, mainly because people have more leisurely time during the ongoing lockdown.

In India, online games with many genres, have three key segments- casual games, e-sports and real money games or skill based online games played for stakes (RMG). All the RMG's, of which fantasy games are a prominent part, some e-sports and other genre are played by paying a fee of sorts. These also offer prize money. All such games are collectively known as transaction based games (TBG). These are the biggest revenue source for the industry.

Fantasy games are played online by selecting a virtual team of real players participating in an ongoing sporting event. The gamer, who creates such a team or teams, gains points based on the actual performance of the players during the tournament. The highest point earner wins. In the non-fantasy segment, however, the gamer participates directly in the virtual games.

According to the Industry players, there is over two-fold rise in the number of gamers of casual and other non-fantasy games during the lockdown. Because people with more leisurely time, are now playing such games on mobile phones as a favourite pastime, to keep the Coronavirus anxiety at bay. But the fantasy segment, dependent on real sports events, has plummeted to almost a zero. Interestingly, It had seen a whopping over 100 per cent growth in its revenue last year.

This tumbling is due to sudden postponement and cancellation of various sporting events mainly of cricket. It has also given rise to apprehensions about loss of investors' interest. With its exponential growth, in the last couple of years, the segment run by a majority of startups, had emerged as investor's favourite, attracting over US$150 million. Most of the around 70 fantasy gaming platforms in India are owned by startups.

In the nearly two decade old Indian gaming industry, initially games were played on consoles and later on PC's only. But with the surge in the numbers of smart phones and availability of cheaper internet data, it saw a quick growth in last 5 years or so. Almost 90 per cent of all the gamers now play on mobile phones. The comparatively newer fantasy segment had seen a phenomenal growth in the last two to three years.

According to a latest report of the Industry body FICCI and the professional services provider firm Ernst & Young, the total revenue of the Indian gaming Industry was around Rs 6460 crores in 2019. Of this, Rs 4600 crores came from the TBG segment alone. The remaining was from casual and no-money games which depend on advertisements for income. The total revenue is projected to increase to Rs 18740 crores by the end of 2022, with share of TBG rising to Rs 15530 crores.

The industry, overall, has seen a growth of over 40 per cent in its gross revenues last year (calendar year 2019). The TBG grew by 50 per cent while the fantasy games business alone rose exponentially by 118 per cent, according to the report.


CEO of Nostragamus, a fantasy gaming platform, Yashashvi Takallapalli, estimates the gross annual revenue of the fantasy segment in the country to be over Rs 1000 crores.

'Now almost the whole fantasy gaming business has come to a grinding halt in the wake of the pandemic. It was growing by over 100 per cent each year before this sudden crisis struck. While the fantasy segment has almost no business now, the non-fantasy and casual gaming segments have seen a daily surge of over two fold in the number of gamers during the lockdown,' he said.

'It is because the fantasy games are dependent on real sports. But, in the unprecedented situation, not seen in over 70 years since the World War II, almost all the real sports events including the Indian Premier League (IPL) has been deferred or cancelled,' he explained.

'In these difficult times, the fantasy platforms are, in different ways trying to engage users with things like quiz games, introduction of some non-fantasy games and sale of gaming related merchandise etc. We are also trying to keep the cost down during this lean patch. The next at least three months, are not about making money but somehow being engaged with our users,' he said.

Riding on the immense popularity of cricket in India, the fantasy sports had seen a quick growth in last 2 to 3 years. 'It was mainly due to high-decibel marketing campaigns with cricket celebrities like M S Dhoni and others promoting them. Out of the various fantasy sports games available in the Indian market, fantasy cricket was the most popular and grew on the back of the IPL and the ICC World Cup held in 2019, the FICCI report mentioned.

Last year, when the IPL based official fantasy cricket league was launched, the revenue of the fantasy game segment more than doubled. And the number of gamers almost quadrupled, and soared to over 80 million. The gaming industry, overall, had also seen a rise of around 31 per cent in the total number of gamers to reach 365 million.

Now, the current dismal scenario of the fantasy segment can also be understood by another thing. The largest fantasy gaming platform in India 'Dream 11', the only unicorn player in the Indian online gaming sector, too has no big fantasy games to offer currently.

Dream 11 is the official partner of the International Cricket Council (ICC) and International Hockey Federation or FIH and organizer of the highly popular IPL fantasy league. Of the millions of its gamers, most were participants of cricket based games. Its website has now put a notice that there are no upcoming matches in cricket and hockey currently.


The fantasy segment is now also worried about losing the investors' Interest. Notably, in an open letter to the startup founders in India recently, 10 global and Indian private equity and venture capitalist firms had cautioned that the changes due to Coronavirus crisis could make things difficult for start-ups.

Takallapalli, an IIT Madras alumnus, pointed out that both corporate and financial investors were looking quite wary of the current scenario. 'See, what has happened with this Coronavirus thing is that a lot of people who invest, are becoming extra cautious. The corporate investors are now saying that they are not in a position to look beyond their own sectors which have also been hit badly. And the worry with financial investors was about the bleak return prospects. Now because of the current situation they are carefully willing to wait for another at least five to six months or till the situation eases up,' he said.

Prior to this crisis the investors were looking highly interested in the booming fantasy gaming sector which had in last few years, seen over US $150 million of funding through them, he added.

CEO of another Fantasy gaming platform 'Apne 11', Ratul Sethi also admitted that these are tough times for them. 'Nothing really is happening in the fantasy gaming now. Amid this global crisis, it is not just about one particular industry, but majority of things have come to a stand-still and once we are out of this challenging phase, things will string up back again,' said Sethi. His startup with legendary cricketer Kapil Dev as its brand advisor was launched last year.


The number of gamers of non-fantasy games like highly popular action based ones, arcade and above all casual games has of course seen a surge in the lockdown, Sethi said. 'Definitely, such games are prospering during the lockdown. These are not like ours which depend on the real sports. That is why platforms, which also offer non-fantasy games, like MPL are doing better even in these difficult times,' he added.

CEO of the All India Gaming Federation (AIGF), the apex self-regulatory body of online skill based gaming in the country, Rolland Landers said that the number of gamers of the fantasy sports was expected to see at least 20 to 25 per cent growth only due to the IPL this year. Of the 70 odd online fantasy gaming platforms in India, more than half offered cricket-based gaming.

Notably, the IPL which was initially to be held from March 29, has been suspended indefinitely in the prevailing scenario.

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