Drought Depletes Paraguay River, A Country's Lifeline
Workers rest at sunset on the shore of the Paraguay River in Asuncion, Paraguay, Wednesday, Oct. 7, 2020. The Paraguay River reached its lowest level in 50 years on Friday, Oct. 9, 2020, following months of extreme drought, which has exposed the nations economic dependence on the river and limited access to drinking water. (AP Photo/Jorge Saenz)
ASUNCION, Paraguay: The Paraguay River has reached its lowest level in half a century after months of extreme drought in the region, exposing the vulnerability of landlocked Paraguays economy.
Some 85% percent of Paraguays foreign trade is conducted via the river, which has been depleted because of a lack of rainfall in the Pantanal area of Mato Grosso state in Brazil. The river flows from that area and also runs through Bolivia and Argentina.
The fall in the water level has slowed down cargo vessel traffic on the Paraguay River, causing significant cost overruns for the transport of fuel, fertilizer, food and other imported goods. The crisis has also exposed the precariousness of Paraguay’s access to drinking water.
We have never had a situation as serious as the one we are experiencing now. We are approaching the end of the year, a time when more products must enter,” Nery Gimnez, president of the Paraguayan Importers Center, told The Associated Press.
The government had announced the lifting of the strictest parts of its pandemic-related lockdown, but hopes of a resurgence of economic activity have been undermined by the river problem, Gimnez said.
Esteban dos Santos, president of the Paraguayan Shipowners Center, said losses in Paraguays river transport sector have already reached $250 million.
What worries us the most is that the river is going down at a rate of 3 or 4 centimeters (1.2 to 1.6 inches) per day. The navigation situation is critical. In a week, no boat will be able to reach Asuncin, dos Santos said.
Paraguay could face bigger price increases and fuel and other shortages if the situation continues to deteriorate. Wildfires have also broken out in parts of the country because of the dry conditions.
The falling levels of the Paraguay River have yielded one surprise: a rocky islet in Asuncin that geologists say is part of an extinct volcano dating back more than 40 million years.
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