Ice-sheet models are an essential tool in making predictions regarding the future of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets.
Antarctica is the only continent without the virus, and there is a global effort to make sure incoming scientists and workers don't bring it with them.
Scientists have revealed the latest topographical map of Antarctica.
The U.S. journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences study said that the ice losses have accelerated by six-folds in the past 40 years.
The ice has a voice?
"The idea sounds crazy," admits maverick salvage expert Nick Sloane, the brains behind the tow-an-iceberg scheme. "But if you look at the fine details, it is not so crazy."
Emperor penguins breed and raise their young on sea ice and if it breaks up, massive breeding failure may occur.
Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar said in a written reply that the bacteria from Antarctica was used in anaerobic microbial consortium that is used for seeding (inoculation) bio-digesters.
During the winter freeze in Antarctica this ice cover expands to an area roughly twice the size of Europe.
80 students from across the world participated in the expedition.