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Happy Pongal 2020: All You Need to Know About the Tamil Harvest Festival

India | PTI | January 16, 2020, 7:32 am
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 Thai is the first month of the Tamil Almanac, and Pongal is a dish of sweet concoction of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. (Image: PTI)
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Thai is the first month of the Tamil Almanac, and Pongal is a dish of sweet concoction of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. (Image: PTI)

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 This festival is celebrated by one and all as it is non-relevance to any particular religious faith. (Image: AP)
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This festival is celebrated by one and all as it is non-relevance to any particular religious faith. (Image: AP)

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 The whole Tamil population of the world celebrate it without any differences. Therefore it is widely known as
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The whole Tamil population of the world celebrate it without any differences. Therefore it is widely known as "Tamil Thai Pongal" or the "Festival of the Tamils". (Image: Reuters)

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 It is celebrated on the first day of the month Thai of the Tamil calendar. (Image: Reuters)
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It is celebrated on the first day of the month Thai of the Tamil calendar. (Image: Reuters)

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 The festival is a thanks giving ceremony in which the farmers celebrate the event to thank the spirits of nature spirit, the Sun and the farm animals for their assistance in providing a successful harvest. (Image: Reuters)
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The festival is a thanks giving ceremony in which the farmers celebrate the event to thank the spirits of nature spirit, the Sun and the farm animals for their assistance in providing a successful harvest. (Image: Reuters)

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 The rest of the people celebrate the festival to pay their thanks to the farmers for the production of food. (Image: AP)
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The rest of the people celebrate the festival to pay their thanks to the farmers for the production of food. (Image: AP)

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 Overall, it is a festival to encourage social cohesiveness and unite people by bringing them together in a common function. (Image: PTI)
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Overall, it is a festival to encourage social cohesiveness and unite people by bringing them together in a common function. (Image: PTI)

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 There are many songs about Thai Pongal and there is much Tamil literature about it. (Image: Reuters)
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There are many songs about Thai Pongal and there is much Tamil literature about it. (Image: Reuters)

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 Thai Pongal generally includes customs & celebrations that are the expression of jubilation over life's renewal. (Image: AP)
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Thai Pongal generally includes customs & celebrations that are the expression of jubilation over life's renewal. (Image: AP)

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 On Thai Pongal, the family begins the day early. The traditional Pongal (rice pudding) is prepared in the front garden which is pre-prepared for this ceremonious cooking. (Image: Reuters)
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On Thai Pongal, the family begins the day early. The traditional Pongal (rice pudding) is prepared in the front garden which is pre-prepared for this ceremonious cooking. (Image: Reuters)

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 A flat square pitch is made and decorated with kolam drawings, and it is exposed to the direct sun light. A fire wood hearth will be set up using three bricks. The cooking begins by putting a clay pot with water on the hearth. (Image: Reuters)
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A flat square pitch is made and decorated with kolam drawings, and it is exposed to the direct sun light. A fire wood hearth will be set up using three bricks. The cooking begins by putting a clay pot with water on the hearth. (Image: Reuters)

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 A senior member of the family conducts the cooking and the rest of the family assists him or her or watches the event. When the water has boiled the rice is put into the pot - after a member the family ceremoniously puts three handful of rice in first. (Image: AP)
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A senior member of the family conducts the cooking and the rest of the family assists him or her or watches the event. When the water has boiled the rice is put into the pot - after a member the family ceremoniously puts three handful of rice in first. (Image: AP)

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 The other ingredients of this special dish are chakkarai (brown cane sugar) or katkandu (sugar candy), milk (cow's milk or coconut milk), roasted green gram (payaru), raisins, cashew nuts and few pods of cardamom. When the meal is ready it is first put on a banana leaf and the family pray for few minutes to thank the nature sprit, the sun and farmers. (Image: Reuters)
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The other ingredients of this special dish are chakkarai (brown cane sugar) or katkandu (sugar candy), milk (cow's milk or coconut milk), roasted green gram (payaru), raisins, cashew nuts and few pods of cardamom. When the meal is ready it is first put on a banana leaf and the family pray for few minutes to thank the nature sprit, the sun and farmers. (Image: Reuters)

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