India is currently suffering from what is said to be the worst locust attack in the last 25 years. The swarm has now spread into five states, including Rajasthan, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, with warnings given to Punjab as well. The tiny creatures feed on anything and everything that comes their way, destroying the crops and farms in minutes. The worst thing is their ability to breed rapidly, multiplying to thousand and lakhs in days. While we suffer the worst attack by these locusts, it is important to take care of our crops by understanding the different bugs that possess a threat to our yields. (Image: Reuters )
Beetles: They can hamper the growth of crops at any stage, by eating all the nutrient needed for the plant growth. Be it plant-sucking bugs or agricultural pests, they make it difficult for humans to protect their crops.
Aphids: These are tiny sap-sucking insects that can be rightly called one of the most destructive insect pests. They suck the plant sap.
Bollworm: This bug is commonly found in India. They attack the shoot, flowers as well as fruit, making them weaker. These are most commonly spotted in areas of a cotton plantation. However, one can also spot them spoiling chickpea, pigeon pea, sunflower and tomato.
Fruit and Shoot Borer: They attacks fruits and buds in the early stages. It also makes the fruits unfit for consumption.
Mealybugs: They end up sucking plant tissue, resulting in poor or improper growth of plants.
Root Borer: Just like stem borers, another bug called root borer in an enemy of the crops, which ends up destroying it from the roots.
Stem Borer: As the name suggests, these arthropod bores the stem of the plants, living them hollow from inside. They can affect and attack crops including rice, millet, maize, sugarcane, mango, fig, rubber, jackfruit, eucalyptus and mulberry.
Thrips: They look like grasshoppers but they are a lot more destructive than them. A few species of these insects are known to act as vectors for plant viruses, which possess a great threat to crops.
Weevils: They are small black stingy beetles. They are known to destroying crops like wheat, maize, rice and cotton. These bugs lay their eggs inside the seeds, which end up eating them as they grow into larvae.