Zoya Akhtar's Gully Boy has been selected as India's official entry to the 92nd Oscars this year. The film stars Ranveer Singh and Alia Bhatt in the lead roles and the story of a rapper from the streets of Mumbai who dreamt of making it big in the world of music.
Notably, this is not the first time that India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best International Feature Film. They have been forwarding films since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category. Notable films that have been sent to the Oscars from India include Mother India, which was India's first submission to the Oscars. The film came close to winning the award, but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote. Despite sending films all through the years since 1957, only three films -- Mother India (1957), Salaam Bombay! (1988) and Lagaan (2001) -- have been nominated for the award.
Village Rockstars (2018): A Kampuri Assamese language coming-of-age film, it premiered at the 2017 Toronto Internatinal Film Festival. The film was selected as India's official entry to the 91st Oscars, but it was not nominated for top nine films from 87 entries.
Newton (2017): Starring Rajkummar Rao and Pankaj Tripathi in pivotal roles, the film, despite receiving universal acclaim was not nominated at the 90th Academy Awards.
Visaranai (2016): The Tamil film based on the novel Lock Up by M. Chandrakumar, deals with the lives of two men, before and after being thrown into a kafkaesque situation. The film, however, was not nominated.
Court (2015): Examining the Indian legal system through the Mumbai Sessions Court trial of an ageing protest singer, who is accused of encouraging a manhole worker to commit suicide through one of his folksongs, the film was sent for Oscars in 2015, but was not nominated.
Liar's Dice (2014): The film narrates the story of a young mother from a remote village, who going in search of her missing husband, goes missing herself. It was not nominated.
The Good Road (2013): Told in a hyperlink format, where several stories get intertwines, it was directed by Gyan Correa and was the best Gujarati film at the 60th National Film Awards. However, it was not nominated at the Oscars.
Barfi! (2012): The Anurag Basu directorial, starring Priyanka Chopra, Ranbir Kapoor and Ileana D'Cruz, the film explored the relationship of a deaf and mute boy with two women, one of whom is autistic. The film was not nominated.
Adaminte Makan Abu (2011): The film, which tells the story of a poor attar seller whose only wish in life is a Hajj pilgrimage, it was sent for the Oscars in 2011, but was not nominated.
Peepli Live (2010): Exploring the topic of farmer suicides, it was Anusha Rizvi and was produced by Aamir Khan Productions. It was not nominated.
Harishchandrachi Factory (2009): The Marathi film depicted the making of India's first full-length feature film by Dadasaheb Phalke and was India's official entry for the Oscars in the Best Foreign Language Film category, but did not receive a nomination.
Taare Zameen Par (2008): The film, exploring the life and imaginations of a dyslexic child, was produced and directed by Aamir Khan. The film, though India's official entry for 2009, did not progress in the short-list.
Eklavya: The Royal Guard (2007): The Vidhu Vinod Chopra film, starring Amitabh Bachchan, Saif Ali Khan and others was chosen as India's official entry to the, though ultimately was not nominated.
Rang De Basanti (2005): The story of five men, whose lives change drastically, as they act in a documentary on five Indian revolutionaries, as chosen as India's official entry for the Golden Globe Awards and the Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Language Film category, but did not receive a nomination in either.
Paheli (2005): Directed by Amol Palekar and starring Shah Rukh Khan and Rani Mukerji in lead roles, the film was not nominated at the 2006 Oscars.
Shwaas (2004): The Marathi film was India's official entry to the 2004 Oscars and was ranked 6th in the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film category.
Devdas (2002): Starring Shah Rukh Khan, Madhuri Dixit and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan in pivotal roles, the Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay classic, directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali, however, was not nominated.
Lagaan (2001): India's third film to be nominated at the Oscars, it starred Aamir Khan and Gracy Singh in pivotal roles and revolves around a match of cricket as a wager to avoid taxes.
Hey Ram (2000): India's entry in the 73rd Oscars, the film centres on India's partition and the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. It was, however, not nominated.
Earth (1999): Directed by Deepa Mehta, the film is set during the 1947 partition of India and is the second installment in Mehta's trilogy that is preceded by the 1996 film Fire and followed by Water in 2005. It failed to get a nomination.
Jeans (1998): A romantic comedy, starring Prashanth, Aishwarya Rai and Nassar in the lead roles, was selected by India as its official submission for the Best Foreign Language Film for the Academy Awards in 1998, but was not nominated.
Guru (1997): India's official entry to The Oscars, it was the first Malayalam film submitted by India for the Oscars. However, it did not receive the nomination.
Indian (1996): The Tamil vigilante action film starring Kamal Haasan in dual roles with Manisha Koirala and Urmila Matondkar was India's offical entry, but was not nominated.
Kuruthipunal (1995): Kamal Hasaan's film was a remake of Govind Nihalani's Hindi film Drohkaal and was India's official entry, though not nominated.
Bandit Queen (1994): A biographical drama based on the life of Phoolan Devi, it was directed by Shekhar Kapur and saw Seema Biswas play the titular character. The film was India's official entry in 1994, but did not get nomination.
Rudaali (1993): Directed by Kalpana Lajmi, India's official entry at the 66th Academy Awards tells the story of a woman who is abandoned by her mother shortly after her father's death. It did not receive a nomination.
Thevar Magan (1992): India's official entry at the 65th Oscars, the film starred Kamal Haasan and had music by Ilaiyaraaja.
Henna (1991): Starring Rishi Kapoor, along with Pakistani actress Zeba Bakhtiyar, it was originally conceptualised by Raj Kapoor, but produced and directed by Randhir Kapoor, following the senior Kapoor's demise during filming, A commercial success, it was India's official entry, but failed to receive a nomination.
Anjali (1990): Another Mani Ratnam film sent to the Oscars, it is about a mentally disabled child who is dying and the emotional trauma faced by the family. The film, however, did not receive a nomination.
Parinda (1989): India's official selection, though not nominated, it starred Jacke Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Nana Patekar and Madhuri Dixit in pivotal roles.
Salaam Bombay! (1988): The second of only three films to be actually nominated for the category of Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, it is directed by Mira Nair and chronicles the everyday life of children from the Bombay slums.
Nayakan (1987): The Mani Ratnam directorial starring Kamal Haasan and Saranya was loosely based on the life of Bombay underworld don Varadarajan Mudaliar. It was India's official submission for the 60th Academy Awards, but failed to get a nomination.
Swati Mutyam (1986): Depicting the plight of a young widow who is rescued by an autistic man, the film, starring Kamal Haasan and Radhika in lead roles, was India's entry for the Best Foreign Language Film for the Academy Awards category, but did not receive a nomination.
Saagar (1985): Starring Rishi Kapoor, Kamal Haasan and Dimple Kapadia, the Ramesh Sippy film was India's official entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film category.
Saaransh (1984): India's entry to the 57th Oscars, it is a drama directed by Mahesh Bhatt and was about an elderly Maharashtrian couple from Mumbai who are trying to come to terms with the loss of their only son.
Payal Ki Jhankar (1980): Directed by Satyen Bose and starring Alanka Joshi and Rupini in pivotal roles, it was selected as the Indian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 53rd Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.
Shatranj Ke Khilari (1978): Satyajit Ray's third film to be sent for the Oscars, it is based on Munshi Premchand's short story of the same name and starred Amjad Khan as Wajid Ali Shah, the King of Awadh. It was India's entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 51st Academy Awards, but did not receive a nomination.
Manthan (1977): Directed by Shyam Benegal, the film is set amidst the backdrop of the White Revolution of India and was India's first crowdfunded film. Starring Smita Patil, it was India's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Garm Hava (1974): The Urdu drama film written by Kaifi Azmi and Shama Zaidi is based on an unpublished short story by Ismat Chugtai. Dealing with the plight of a North Indian Muslim businessman and his family following the 1947 partition, it was India's official entry to the Academy Award's Best Foreign Film category.
Saudagar (1973): Based on the Bengali story Ras, by Narendranath Mitra, the film, starring Nutan and Amitabh Bachchan was India's nomination at the 46th Academy Awards, but did not receive a nomination.
Uphaar (1972): The Jaya Bachchan starrer film was based on a short story named Samapti, written by Rabindranath Tagore. It was India's official entry at the 45th Oscars but was not accepted as a nominee.
Reshma Aur Shera (1971): The Sunil Dutt starrer crime drama was not only received well by critics in India, but found favour abroad as well being nominated for the Golden Bear at the 22nd Berlin International Film Festival. Even though it was selected as India's entry for the category at the 44th Academy Awards, it was not accepted as a nominee.
Deiva Magan (1970): The Tamil film by AC Tirulokchandar starred Sivaji Ganesan (in three roles) and Jayalalithaa in the lead roles. It was the first Tamil film to be submitted by India in the contest for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film but did not get the nomination.
Majhli Didi (1968): The Hrishikesh Mukherjee directorial despite not doing well at the Indian box office was India's official entry to the 41st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film. It did not receive a nomination.
Aakhri Khat (1967): Rajesh Khanna's debut film, was selected as the Indian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 40th Academy Awards in 1967. However, it did not get a nomination.
Amrapali (1966): Starring Vyjayanthimala and Sunil Dutt in lead roles, it was based on the life of Amrapali (Ambapali), the nagarvadhu (royal courtesan) of Vaishali in present-day Bihar. The film failed to get a nomination as well.
The Guide (1965): Vijay Anand's Guide starring Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman was India's official entry, but despite its success in India, did not earn a nomination.
Mahanagar (1963): Satyajit Ray's second entry to the Oscars saw Madhabi play the lead. The film is based on a short story by Narendranath Mitra. It too did not receive a nomination.
Saheb Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962): The Abrar Alvi film was a tragic tale of the fall of feudalism in Bengal. The film, however, was not nominated.
The World of Apu (1959): Written and directed by Satyajit Ray, the third part of The Apu Trilogy too was sent but did not receive a nomination. The film introduced actors Soumitra Chatterjee and Sharmila Tagore.
Madhumati (1958): Bimal Roy's paranormal romance, written by Ritwik Ghatak and Rajinder Singh Bedi was sent but not nominated.
Mother India (1957): Directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt and Rajendra Kumar, this was India's first film to be nominated in the category to the Oscars.