Over half the respondents feel that under UPA II, economic growth has either remained same or has deteriorated over the last two years. Significantly, the number of those who say it has deteriorated is more than those who say it has improved. The upper and middle classes have a more positive view compared to the lower class and the poor.
While most respondents still say the economic condition of their household has improved over the past few years, the ratio of worse is to better, which was 1:4 in 2007 and 2009, is now beginning to come down.
While satisfaction with personal financial condition remains high among respondents, the ratio of those dissatisfied to satisfied has increased since 2007. In 2007, for every one person who was not satisfied, there were three who were satisfied. Now there are only two.
As we go down the class hierarchy, the dissatisfaction with personal financial condition increases. Dissatisfaction with financial condition among poor is high compared to other classes.
People are less optimistic about the future economic condition of their household than they were in 2007 and 2009. The ration of better is to worse has worsened in 2011.
Lower classes and poor are not as optimistic about their economic future as compared to the middle and upper classes. Poor are those who had no household assets and whose monthly household income was Rs 1,000 and less.
Half the respondents feel that the government has been unable to control price rise and the situation has deteriorated. The ratio of improved is to deteriorated which was 1:3 in 2006 has gone up to 1:5.
Fifty per cent of the respondents believe that there has been deterioration in the control of price rise. This opinion is shared by all classes. Among the poor the ratio is of improved is to deteriorated is much worse at 1:7.
A large proportion of respondents feel that the government has not done enough to control rising prices. This feeling is shared by voters of various political parties, including a large section of Congress voters.
For every person who blames the State government for price rise, there are two who blame the Central government. This negative view of the central government is uniform across all states and highest in Bihar. Karnataka has the highest number of respondents blaming state government, but even here the Central government is held more responsible.
Most people say that the condition of farmers has deteriorated under UPA II. The sense of deterioration is strongest among middle and small farmers.
The balance of opinion has titled steadily against foreign companies being allowed free trade in India over the last 15 years. People are also against PSUs being handed over to private companies, though this is less as compared to 2004.
For every person in favour of agricultural income being taxed, three think otherwise. The feeling is uniform across the rural-urban divide and farmers and non-farmers.
Majority of the respondents across locality think land should only be acquired for unavoidable developmental purposes. It is interesting to note that the urban non farmer slightly exceeds in this assertion as compared to the rural farming and non farming community.
Urban respondents are more vocal as compared to their rural counterparts. However both these sets of respondents are again united in their belief that government should not acquire land on behalf of private companies. Instead they support private companies acquiring land on their own.
More people think that government's land acquisition policy is unfair rather than fair. This sentiment runs more or less constant among big, small and medium farmers.