Troops make no attempt to intervene as violence breaks out between pro- and anti-Mubarak groups in Tahrir Square. Anti-government protesters say the attackers were police in civilian clothes. A Foreign Ministry statement rejects US and European calls for political transition to start immediately.
February 4, 2011: Army surrounds Tahrir Square. Egyptians fighting to oust President Hosni Mubarak hope to rally a million people as the United States worked to convince the 82-year-old leader to begin handing over power. Photo: AP, Reuters Text: Reuters
A member of the press lies on the ground after being attacked by mobs while soldiers surround him in Cairo February 3, 2011. The United States and Britain condemned the intimidation of foreign reporters covering protests against President Hosni Mubarak.
January 27: Reform campaigner and former head of the IAEA Mohamed ElBaradei arrives in Cairo.
January 25: Thousands of Egyptians demand an end to President Hosni Mubarak's rule and clash with police in a "Day of Wrath" of anti-government demonstrations inspired by the downfall of Tunisia's President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali on January 14.
Protests also take place in Ismailia and Suez, east of Cairo, and in other Nile Delta cities.
Mubarak extends a curfew to all cities in Egypt.
January 28: At least 24 people are killed and more than 1,000 wounded in clashes throughout Egypt, 13 are killed in Suez.
February 1: Mubarak declares he will surrender power when his term ends in September, offering a mixture of concessions and defiance in a televised statement. Around one million Egyptians protest throughout the country for Mubarak to step down immediately. Egypt's central bank says banks will remain closed for a third day. Egypt's stock exchange announces it will be closed for the fourth day on February 2. Many protesters speak of a new push on Friday, the Egyptian weekend, to rally at Cairo's presidential palace.
January 29: Mubarak sacks his cabinet but refuses to step down. Protesters stream back into Cairo's central Tahrir Square in the early hours after Mubarak's announcement. Later Mubarak picks intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as vice president, the first time he has appointed a deputy since he took office in 1981.
US President Barack Obama urges an "orderly transition" to democracy in Egypt, stopping short of calling on Mubarak to step down.
Thousands of protesters continue to roam the streets after a curfew starts, defying an army warning that anyone violating the order would be in danger.
January 30: Egyptians form vigilante groups and assign private doormen armed with sticks to guard property after police withdraw from the streets. Army warplanes and helicopters circle Tahrir Square in a show of strength.
January 26: In unprecedented scenes, police fight with thousands of Egyptians who defy a government ban to protest against Mubarak's rule. Security forces arrest about 500 demonstrators over the two days, the Interior Ministry says.
Mubarak orders troops and tanks into cities overnight to quell demonstrations. Thousands cheer at the news of the intervention of the army, which is seen as neutral, unlike the police who are regularly deployed to stifle dissent.
January 31: Egypt's army says it will not use force against Egyptians staging protests. It says freedom of expression is guaranteed to all citizens using peaceful means. Egypt swears in a new government. Suleiman says Mubarak has asked him to start dialogue with all political forces, including on constitutional and legislative reforms. Thousands in Tahrir Square hours after curfew, in a good-natured gathering, calling for the president to quit.
A 26-year-old woman worried about the state of her country wrote on Facebook: "People, I am going to Tahrir Square". The message was soon to snowball into a movement to oust Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Right from the time of Asmaa Mahfouz's appeal on Facebook, we bring you a day-by-day timeline of events leading to the tumult in Egypt. Photo: AP, Reuters Text: Reuters
February 2: The army calls for protesters to leave the streets and curfew hours are eased. Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for a ninth day of protest, rejecting Mubarak's timetable to leave. Spokesman Mustafa Naggar says the opposition is ready to negotiate with Suleiman only after Mubarak steps down.
February 3: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak blames outlawed Muslim Brotherhood for the violence unfolding in Cairo and said he would like to step down right away, but cannot because he does not want to risk plunging his nation into chaos. Mubarak told ABC correspondent Christiane Amanpour that he was troubled by the bloody clashes that broke out in Tahrir Square, the center of anti-government demonstrations.
Gunmen fire on anti-government protesters in Cairo, where fighting killed six and wounded more than 830. An estimated 150 people have been killed during the protests so far. The violence prompted new calls from Western powers for Mubarak to start handing over power immediately. The army sets up a buffer zone around Tahrir Square to separate them but new clashes between pro- and anti-Mubarak groups continue. In the northeast, 4,000 people start a march in Suez calling for Mubarak to step down. In Ismailia, 2,000 hold a similar demonstration.